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Titolo:
PHASE-I AND PHARMACOKINETIC STUDY OF IRINOTECAN (CPT-11) ADMINISTEREDDAILY FOR 3 CONSECUTIVE DAYS EVERY 3 WEEKS IN PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED SOLID TUMORS
Autore:
CATIMEL G; CHABOT GG; GUASTALLA JP; DUMORTIER A; COTE C; ENGEL C; GOUYETTE A; MATHIEUBOUE A; MAHJOUBI M; CLAVEL M;
Indirizzi:
CTR LEON BERARD,DEPT MED ONCOL,28 RUE LAENNEC F-69373 LYON 08 FRANCE CTR LEON BERARD,PHARMACOL UNIT F-69373 LYON 08 FRANCE INST GUSTAVE ROUSSY,PHARAMCOTOXICOL & PHARMACOGENET LAB,CNRS,URA 147 VILLEJUIF FRANCE INST GUSTAVE ROUSSY,INSERM,U140 F-94805 VILLEJUIF FRANCE LAB BELLON NEUILLY FRANCE
Titolo Testata:
Annals of oncology
fascicolo: 2, volume: 6, anno: 1995,
pagine: 133 - 140
SICI:
0923-7534(1995)6:2<133:PAPSOI>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CELL LUNG-CANCER; CAMPTOTHECIN ANALOG CPT-11; DNA TOPOISOMERASE-I; ANTITUMOR-ACTIVITY; MECHANISM; NSC-100880; METABOLITE; LYMPHOMA; SODIUM; BREAKS;
Keywords:
CPT-11; CAMPTOTHECIN ANALOG; TOPOISOMERASE I INHIBITOR; PHASE I; PHARMACOKINETICS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
G. Catimel et al., "PHASE-I AND PHARMACOKINETIC STUDY OF IRINOTECAN (CPT-11) ADMINISTEREDDAILY FOR 3 CONSECUTIVE DAYS EVERY 3 WEEKS IN PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED SOLID TUMORS", Annals of oncology, 6(2), 1995, pp. 133-140

Abstract

Background: We conducted a phase I and pharmacokinetic study to determine the maximum tolerable dose (MTD), toxicities, pharmacokinetic profile, and antitumor activity of Irinotecan (CPT-11) in patients with refractory solid malignancies. Patients and methods: Forty-six patientswere entered in this phase I study. CPT-11 was administered intravenously over 30 minutes for 3 consecutive days every 3 weeks. Dose levelsranged from 33 mg/m(2)/day to 115 mg/m(2)/day on days 1 through 3. The pharmacokinetics of total CPT-11 and its active metabolite SN-38 were assayed by HPLC. Results: The combination of leukopenia and diarrheawas dose-limiting toxicity at 115 mg/m(2)/day dose level, since 50% of the patients (5/10) experienced either grade 3-4 leukopenia, or diarrhea, or both. Leukopenia appeared to be a cumulative toxicity, with aglobal increase in its incidence and severity upon repeated administration of CPT-11. Other toxicities included nausea, vomiting, fatigue and alopecia. CPT-11 and active metabolite SN-38 pharmacokinetics were determined in 21 patients (29 courses). Both CPT-11 and SN-38 pharmacokinetics presented a high interpatient variability. CPT-11 mean maximum plasma concentrations reached 2034 ng/ml at the MTD (115 mg/m(2)). The terminal-phase half-life was 8.3 h and the mean residence time 10.2h. The mean volume of distribution at steady state was 141 l/m(2)/h. CPT-11 rebound concentrations were observed in many courses at about 0.5 to 1 hour following the end of the i.v. infusion, which is suggestive of enterohepatic recycling. Total body clearance did not vary with increased dosage (mean = 14.3 l/h/m(2)), indicating linear pharmacokinetics within the dose range administered in this trial. The total areaunder the plasma concentration versus time curve (AUG) increased proportionally to the CPT-11 dose. Mean metabolite SN-38 peak levels reached 41 ng/ml at the MTD. A significant correlation was observed betweenCPT-11 area under the curve (AUG) and its corresponding metabolite SN-38 AUC (r = 0.52, p < 0.05). SN-38 rebound concentrations were observed in many courses at about 0.5 to 1 hour following the end of the i.v. infusion, which is suggestive of enterohepatic recycling. Mean 24-h urinary excretion of CPT-11 accounted for 10% of the administered doseby the third day, whereas SN-38 urinary excretion accounted for 0.18%of the CPT-11 dose. In this phase I trial, the hematological toxicitycorrelated with neither CPT-11 nor SN-38 AUC. Diarrhea grade correlated significantly with CPT-11 AUC. Two partial (breast adenocarcinoma and carcinoma of unknown primary) and 2 minor (hepatocarcinoma and pancreatic adenocarcinoma) responses were observed. Conclusion: The MTD for CPT-11 administered in a 3 consecutive-days-every-3 weeks schedule in this patient population is 115 mg/m(2)/day. The recommended dose forphase II studies is 100 mg/m(2)/day.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/12/20 alle ore 13:01:57