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Titolo:
FUNCTION AND VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN A POPULATION-BASED STUDY OF OLDER ADULTS - THE SEE PROJECT
Autore:
WEST SK; MUNOZ B; RUBIN GS; SCHEIN OD; BANDEENROCHE K; ZEGER S; GERMAN PS; FRIED LP;
Indirizzi:
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV,WILMER EYE INST,DANA CTR PREVENT OPHTHALMOL,ROOM 129,600 N WOLFE ST BALTIMORE MD 21287 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV,WILMER EYE INST,LIONS VIS RES CTR BALTIMORE MD 21287 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV,SCH MED,SCH HYG & PUBL HLTH,DEPT HLTH POLICY & MANAGEMENT BALTIMORE MD 21287 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV,SCH MED,SCH HYG & PUBL HLTH,DEPT MED & EPIDEMIOL BALTIMORE MD 21287 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV,SCH MED,SCH HYG & PUBL HLTH,DEPT BIOSTAT BALTIMOREMD 21287
Titolo Testata:
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science
fascicolo: 1, volume: 38, anno: 1997,
pagine: 72 - 82
SICI:
0146-0404(1997)38:1<72:FAVIIA>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
QUALITY-OF-LIFE; DISABILITY; ACUITY; ASSOCIATION; BLINDNESS; COMMUNITY; VISION; EYE;
Keywords:
ELDERLY; FUNCTIONAL STATUS; POPULATION STUDY; RACIAL GROUPS; VISUAL IMPAIRMENT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
41
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.K. West et al., "FUNCTION AND VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN A POPULATION-BASED STUDY OF OLDER ADULTS - THE SEE PROJECT", Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 38(1), 1997, pp. 72-82

Abstract

Purpose. The Salisbury Eye Evaluation (SEE) project investigates the impact of vision on functional statics in a population-based sample ofelderly persons. The prevalence of self-reports of functional status and the association with visual acuity loss are described. Methods. A random sample of men and women 65 to 84 years of age from Salisbury, Maryland were recruited for home interviews and clinic examinations. Ofthe eligible sample, 78% responded to the home questionnaire and 65% responded to the questionnaire and the clinic examination. Binocular visual acuity of each person was measured using; ETDRS charts and protocols. Questions were asked concerning activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, physical function, social interaction, and activities of daily vision. Analyses of the association of presenting visual acuity worse than 20/40 with the measures of functionwere carried out and adjusted for age, race, and sex. Results. All measures of functional status showed a decline with age; women and blacks were more likely to report difficulties. The age-adjusted proportions of those with visual impairment were not significantly different between men and women (7.2% versus 6.7%; P = 0.60). Black persons had almost mice the rate (10.4%) of white persons (5.6%; P < 0.001). Age, race, gender, and visual impairment were all significantly related to declines in functional status in multivariate models. Conclusions. Data on functional status in the project population were similar to nationaldata and confirmed higher rates of disability in women and blacks. Binocular visual acuity worse than 20/40 appeared to have an impact on all the self-report measures of functional status. Further analyses on the interaction of vision with other comorbid conditions on function status clearly are indicated.

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Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 09:51:07