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Titolo:
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HYPERTENSION IN BLACK, INDIAN AND WHITE AFRICAN STUDENTS
Autore:
SOMOVA LI; DIARRA K; JACOBS TQ;
Indirizzi:
UNIV DURBAN WESTVILLE,DEPT HUMAN PHYSIOL & PHYSIOL CHEM,PRIVATE BAG X54001 DURBAN 4000 SOUTH AFRICA UNIV ZIMBABWE,STUDENT HLTH SERV HARARE ZIMBABWE
Titolo Testata:
Stress medicine
fascicolo: 2, volume: 11, anno: 1995,
pagine: 105 - 111
SICI:
0748-8386(1995)11:2<105:PSOHIB>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BLOOD-PRESSURE; HEART-DISEASE; JOHN-HENRYISM; ANGER; FRAMINGHAM; TENSION; URBAN; RISK; MEN;
Keywords:
BEHAVIORAL STRESS; PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS; BLOOD PRESSURE; HYPERTENSION; ETHNICITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
L.I. Somova et al., "PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HYPERTENSION IN BLACK, INDIAN AND WHITE AFRICAN STUDENTS", Stress medicine, 11(2), 1995, pp. 105-111

Abstract

The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that behavioural stress is associated with hypertension in developing countries. It forms part (students only) of a large study on the population of South Africa. The cross-sectional study involved 2902 black, white and Indian African students, stratified by year of study, gender and ethnicity. Harburg's anger-coping scale and James' active coping scale (JHACS) were used. For assessment of socioeconomic status a coefficient of family instability (CFIS) was used. Traditional risk factors of hypertension (family history, alcohol consumption, smoking, urbanization) and biological parameters (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate, body mass and skinfold, glucose tolerance) were taken. Hypertension was defined as blood pressure higher than 160/95 mmHg. A significant association between suppressed anger, high CFIS and blood pressure level in all three ethnic groups was found, most strongly expressed in male black students. The risk for hypertension was increased if this construct was combined with high JHACS score and/or poor performance at the university. After controlling for biological variables, this psychological construct still had strong association with blood pressure level/hypertension incidence in black males only. The person-environment interaction (gender, ethnicity, years of study, urbanization) might thus represent a behavioural stress that promotes development of hypertension in African developing countries.

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Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 10:32:27