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Titolo:
THE MANAGEMENT OF EPILEPSY IN THE 1990S - ACQUISITIONS, UNCERTAINTIESAND PRIORITIES FOR FUTURE-RESEARCH
Autore:
BEGHI E; PERUCCA E;
Indirizzi:
MARIO NEGRI INST PHARMACOL RES,VIA ERITREA 62 I-20157 MILAN ITALY OSPED SAN GERARDO,CTR EPILEPSY MONZA ITALY OSPED SAN GERARDO,NEUROL CLIN MONZA ITALY UNIV PAVIA,DEPT INTERNAL MED & THERAPEUT,CLIN PHARMACOL UNIT I-27100 PAVIA ITALY
Titolo Testata:
Drugs
fascicolo: 5, volume: 49, anno: 1995,
pagine: 680 - 694
SICI:
0012-6667(1995)49:5<680:TMOEIT>2.0.ZU;2-5
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
1ST UNPROVOKED SEIZURE; TONIC-CLONIC SEIZURES; COMPLEX-PARTIAL SEIZURES; ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUGS; PHARMACOKINETIC PROPERTIES; SODIUM VALPROATE; ABSENCE SEIZURES; FOLLOW-UP; UNTREATED EPILEPSY; NATURAL-HISTORY;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
112
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
E. Beghi e E. Perucca, "THE MANAGEMENT OF EPILEPSY IN THE 1990S - ACQUISITIONS, UNCERTAINTIESAND PRIORITIES FOR FUTURE-RESEARCH", Drugs, 49(5), 1995, pp. 680-694

Abstract

The pharmacological treatment of epilepsy has made considerable progress during the last decade, due to improved knowledge of the clinical pharmacology of individual drugs, acquisition of new information on the factors affecting response and need for drug treatment, and development of promising new agents. Once a clinical diagnosis of epilepsy hasbeen made (which generally requires the occurrence of more than one seizure), treatment should be started with a single drug selected on the basis of seizure type and tolerability profile. Although there are important regional differences in prescribing patterns and individual circumstances may dictate alternative choices, carbamazepine is generally regarded as the preferred treatment for partial seizures (with or without secondary generalisation) while valproic acid (sodium valproate) is usually the first choice in most forms of generalised epilepsies. To achieve therapeutic success, the daily dosage must be tailored to meet individual needs, and there is suggestive evidence that in some patients the dosage prescribed initially may be unnecessarily large. Plasma antiepileptic drug concentrations may aid in the individualisation of dosage, but should not be regarded as a substitute for careful monitoring of clinical response. Although overall about 70% of patients can be completely controlled, response rate is influenced by a number of factors, the most important of which are seizure type and syndromicform. The importance of a correct syndromic classification for rational drug selection has been poorly assessed and represents a major areafor future research. Patients who do not respond to the highest tolerated dose of the initially prescribed drug maybe switched to monotherapy with an alternative agent or may be given add-on treatment with a second drug. Appropriate prospective trials are required to assess the merits of either strategy. If add-on therapy is selected and the patient becomes seizure free, it may be possible to discontinue the drug prescribed initially and reinstitute monotherapy. Only a minority of patients are likely to require multiple drug therapy, and it remains to be established whether specific drug combinations are more effective than others. Until further information becomes available, the new agentsshould be reserved for patients failing to respond to the conventional treatments of first choice. Patients whose seizures cannot be controlled by available drugs should be reassessed, and polytherapy should be maintained only when there is clear evidence that benefits outweigh possible adverse effects. In many patients who have been seizure free for at least 2 years it may be possible to gradually discontinue all medications. The decision to withdraw treatment is determined largely by the risk of seizure relapse which, in turn, is primarily dependent on the syndromic form.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/12/20 alle ore 06:40:21