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Titolo:
LUNG-FUNCTION AND LONG-TERM EXPOSURE TO AIR-POLLUTANTS IN SWITZERLAND
Autore:
ACKERMANNLIEBRICH U; LEUENBERGER P; SCHWARTZ J; SCHINDLER C; MONN C; BOLOGNINI C; BONGARD JP; BRANDLI O; DOMENIGHETTI G; ELSASSER S; GRIZE L; KARRER W; KELLER R; KELLERWOSSIDLO H; KUNZLI N; MARTIN BW; MEDICI TC; PERRUCHOUD AP; SCHONI MH; TSCHOPP JM; VILLIGER B; WUTHRICH B; ZELLWEGER JP; ZEMP E;
Indirizzi:
UNIV BASEL,INST SOCIAL & PREVENT MED,STEINENGRABEN 49 CH-4051 BASEL SWITZERLAND UNIV LAUSANNE,DIV PNEUMOL LAUSANNE SWITZERLAND SWISS FED INST TECHNOL ZURICH SWITZERLAND HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED BOSTON MA 00000
Titolo Testata:
American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
fascicolo: 1, volume: 155, anno: 1997,
pagine: 122 - 129
SICI:
1073-449X(1997)155:1<122:LALETA>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHRONIC RESPIRATORY-DISEASE; NITROGEN-DIOXIDE; PARTICULATE MATTER; PULMONARY-FUNCTION; INHALED ALLERGEN; HEALTH; POLLUTION; OZONE; POPULATION; RESPONSES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
U. Ackermannliebrich et al., "LUNG-FUNCTION AND LONG-TERM EXPOSURE TO AIR-POLLUTANTS IN SWITZERLAND", American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 155(1), 1997, pp. 122-129

Abstract

The effect of long-term exposure to air pollutants was studied in a cross-sectional population-based sample of adults (aged 18 to 60 yr; n = 9,651) residing in eight different areas in Switzerland. Standardized medical examination included questionnaire data, lung function tests, skin-prick testing, and end-expiratory CO concentration. The impact of annual means of air pollutants on FVC and FEV(1) was tested (controlling for age and age squared, sex, height, weight, educational level,nationality, and workplace exposure). Analyses were done separately for healthy never-smokers, ex-smokers (controlling for pack-yr), for current smokers (controlling for cigarettes per day and pack-yr smoked),and for the whole population. Significant and consistent effects on FVC and FEV(1) were found for NO2 SO2 and particulate matter < 10 mu m (PM(10)) in all subgroups and in the total population, with PM(10) showing the most consistent effect of a 3.4% change in FVC per 10 mu g/m(3). Results for ozone were less consistent. Atopy did not influence this relationship. The limited number of study areas and high intercorrelation between the pollutants make it difficult to assess the effect of one single pollutant. Our conclusion is that air pollution from fossil fuel combustion, which is the main source of air pollution with SO2NO2 and PM(10) in Switzerland, is associated with decrements in lung function parameters in this study.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/11/20 alle ore 14:29:11