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Titolo:
ENVELOPE CODING IN THE LATERAL SUPERIOR OLIVE .1. SENSITIVITY TO INTERAURAL TIME DIFFERENCES
Autore:
JORIS PX; YIN TCT;
Indirizzi:
UNIV WISCONSIN,SCH MED,DEPT NEUROPHYSIOL MADISON WI 53706
Titolo Testata:
Journal of neurophysiology
fascicolo: 3, volume: 73, anno: 1995,
pagine: 1043 - 1062
SICI:
0022-3077(1995)73:3<1043:ECITLS>2.0.ZU;2-A
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
AMPLITUDE-MODULATED TONES; UNIT EXCITATORY RESPONSES; HIGH-FREQUENCY NEURONS; BUSHY CELL AXONS; COCHLEAR NUCLEUS; COMPLEX WAVEFORMS; INFERIOR COLLICULUS; AUDITORY-NERVE; INTENSITY DIFFERENCES; SOUND LOCALIZATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
78
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
P.X. Joris e T.C.T. Yin, "ENVELOPE CODING IN THE LATERAL SUPERIOR OLIVE .1. SENSITIVITY TO INTERAURAL TIME DIFFERENCES", Journal of neurophysiology, 73(3), 1995, pp. 1043-1062

Abstract

1. Interaural level differences (ILDs), created by the head and pinna. have long been known to be the dominant acoustic cue For azimuthal localization of high-frequency tones. However, psychophysical experiments have demonstrated that human subjects can also lateralize complex high-frequency sounds on the basis of interaural time differences (ITDs) of the signal envelope. The lateral superior olive (LSO) is one of two pairs of binaural nuclei where the primary extraction of binaural cues for sound source location occurs. ''IE'' cells in LSO are inhibited by stimuli to the contralateral and excited by stimuli to the ipsilateral ear, and their response rate is therefore dependent on ILD. Anatomic specializations in the afferent pathways to the LSO suggest that this circuit also has a function in the detection of timing cues. We hypothesized that, besides no sensitivity, the IE property also conveysa sensitivity to ITDs of amplitude-modulated (AM) tones and could provide the physiological substrate for the psychophysical effect mentioned above. 2. In extracellular recordings from binaural LSO cells in barbiturate-anesthetized cats, response rate was a periodic function of ITDs of AM stimuli, i.e., ail cells displayed ITD sensitivity. Binaural responses were smaller than responses to stimulation of the ipsilateral ear alone and were minimal when the envelopes in both ears were in-phase or nearly so. There was good correspondence between responses to ITDs and to dynamic interaural phase differences (IPDs), created by a difference in the envelope frequency to the two ears, Qualitatively,the responses were consistent with the outcome of an IE operation on temporally structured inputs. 3. To compare the relative importance ofILD and ITD, responses to combinations of the two cues were obtained. Despite robust ITD sensitivity in all binaural LSO cells encountered,the changes in response rate that would occur in response to naturally occurring ITD5 were small in comparison with the changes expected for naturally occurring ILDs. The main limitation on ITD sensitivity wasa steep decline in average discharge rate as the modulation frequencyexceeded several hundred Hertz. 4. ITD sensitivity was also present to broadband stimuli, again with minimal rates occurring near 0 ITD. The sensitivity depended in a predictable fashion on the passband of filtered noise and was absent to binaurally uncorrelated noise bands. In response to clicks, ILDs interacted with ITD in a complicated fashion involving amplitude and latency effects. 5. Three low-characteristic frequency (CF) LSO cells were encountered that were IE and showed ITD sensitivity to the fine structure of low-frequency stimuli. Moreover, near the lateral limb of the LSO, six EE units showed responses that were facilitated rather than inhibited by binaural stimulation and that were maximal for in-phase stimuli, in contrast to IE cells. 6. These results indicate that the segregation between the ''ILD'' and ''ITD pathway'' is not as strict as has hitherto been assumed, because ITD sensitivity to both carriers and envelopes was found in LSO cells. We propose that the distinction between a binaurally facilitated (EE) and a binaurally inhibited (IE) pathway is a more fundamental one. The combined sensitivity of single neurons to ITDs and ILDs offers a straightforward mechanism for time-intensity trading phenomena.

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Documento generato il 05/12/20 alle ore 08:10:30