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Titolo:
RENAL ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION INJURY CONTRIBUTES TO RENAL DAMAGE IN EXPERIMENTAL ANTI-MYELOPEROXIDASE-ASSOCIATED PROLIFERATIVE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
Autore:
BROUWER E; KLOK PA; HUITEMA MG; WEENING JJ; KALLENBERG CGM;
Indirizzi:
UNIV GRONINGEN HOSP,DEPT CLIN IMMUNOL,OOSTERSINGEL 59 9713 EZ GRONINGEN NETHERLANDS UNIV GRONINGEN HOSP,DEPT CLIN IMMUNOL & PATHOL 9713 EZ GRONINGEN NETHERLANDS UNIV AMSTERDAM,ACAD MED CTR,DEPT PATHOL 1105 AZ AMSTERDAM NETHERLANDS
Titolo Testata:
Kidney international
fascicolo: 4, volume: 47, anno: 1995,
pagine: 1121 - 1129
SICI:
0085-2538(1995)47:4<1121:RIICTR>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INTERCELLULAR-ADHESION MOLECULE-1; WEGENERS GRANULOMATOSIS; CRESCENTIC GLOMERULONEPHRITIS; CYTOPLASMIC AUTOANTIBODIES; LUNG INJURY; RAT; NEUTROPHILS; ANTIBODIES; FEATURES; ICAM-1;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
42
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
E. Brouwer et al., "RENAL ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION INJURY CONTRIBUTES TO RENAL DAMAGE IN EXPERIMENTAL ANTI-MYELOPEROXIDASE-ASSOCIATED PROLIFERATIVE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS", Kidney international, 47(4), 1995, pp. 1121-1129

Abstract

The occurrence of focal fibrinoid necrosis of capillary loops in the very early stages of ANCA-associated necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis (NCGN) and the increased prevalence of this disease at older age suggest that renal ischemia may play an additional role in its pathophysiology. In the present study we investigated the contribution ofrenal ischemia to the induction of anti-myeloperoxidase (MPO) associated NCGN in a previously described rat model of this disease. The development of renal lesions is dependent on the presence of an anti-MPO immune response and the localization of a lysosomal extract containing lytic enzymes and MPO in combination with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) along the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). The hypothesis tested whether perfusion of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) could be replaced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, as I/R injury activates endothelial cells to produce oxygen metabolites. I/R was induced by clamping the renal artery for 20 minutes in kidneys in which the circulation had been restored several minutes after perfusion with the lysosomal extract in MPO immunized rats. Rats developed lesions characterized by intra- and extracapillary cell proliferation, periglomerular infiltration, ruptures in Bowman's capsule, ischemic tubuli, and interstitial mononuclear infiltrate. Immune deposits, however, persisted for a longer time along the GBM after perfusion of lytic enzymes followed by I/R injury compared to previous studies in which H2O2 in conjunction with lytic enzymes were perfused in MPO-immunized rats. Control groups consisting of control immunized rats perfused with the lysosomal extract followed by I/Rand MPO immunized rats perfused with the lysosomal extract developed minor lesions only. To further explore the possible mechanisms involved in the contribution of I/R to the development of NCGN, we studied the expression of ICAM-1 in renal tissue from the three experimental groups. Up-regulation of ICAM-1 occurred in MPO-immunized rats perfused with the lysosomal extract followed by I/R and also in both control groups, suggesting that up-regulation of ICAM-1 in itself is not sufficient to induce lesions. In conclusion, renal ischemia contributes to thedevelopment of experimental anti-MPO associated NCGN possibly by inducing endothelial cells to produce toxic oxygen metabolites.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 21:37:16