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Titolo:
N-G-NITRO-L-ARGININE AND PHENYLEPHRINE HAVE SIMILAR EFFECTS ON THE VASCULAR WATERFALL IN THE CANINE HINDLIMB
Autore:
SHRIER I; MAGDER S;
Indirizzi:
SIR MORTIMER B DAVIS JEWISH HOSP,HERLZ FAMILY PRACTICE CTR,RM E-0010,5757 LEGARE MONTREAL PQ H3T 1Z6 CANADA ROYAL VICTORIA HOSP,DIV CRIT CARE MONTREAL PQ H3A 1A1 CANADA MCGILL UNIV,MEAKINS CHRISTIE LABS MONTREAL PQ CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Journal of applied physiology
fascicolo: 2, volume: 78, anno: 1995,
pagine: 478 - 482
SICI:
8750-7587(1995)78:2<478:NAPHSE>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SKELETAL-MUSCLE ARTERIOLES; ZERO-FLOW PRESSURE; RELAXING FACTOR; SMOOTH-MUSCLE; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS; DILATION; OXIDE; ACETYLCHOLINE; RESPONSES; TONE;
Keywords:
CRITICAL PRESSURE; ARTERIAL RESISTANCE; VENOUS RESISTANCE; ENDOTHELIUM-DERIVED RELAXING FACTOR;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
I. Shrier e S. Magder, "N-G-NITRO-L-ARGININE AND PHENYLEPHRINE HAVE SIMILAR EFFECTS ON THE VASCULAR WATERFALL IN THE CANINE HINDLIMB", Journal of applied physiology, 78(2), 1995, pp. 478-482

Abstract

Hindlimb pressure-flow relationships are well characterized by modeling a vascular waterfall at the arteriolar level. Under these conditions, Q = (Pper - Pcrit)/Rart, where Q is blood flow, Pper is perfusion pressure, Pcrit is waterfall pressure, and Rart is the resistance upstream from the waterfall. To determine the effects of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) on Pcrit, Rart, and venous resistance (Rv), we varied Pper in the canine hindlimb between 100 and 200 mmHg before and after N-G-nitro-L-arginine infusion (L-NNA, an inhibitor of EDRF synthesis). Before L-NNA, Pcrit increased with increasing Pper. After L-NNA, Pcrit was higher at each Pper, and the increase in Pcrit with increases in Pper was greater than under control conditions. In contrast to Pcrit, Rart decreased with increasing Pper before L-NNA. After L-NNA, Rart was higher at each Pper and no longer decreased with increasing Pper. Rv was not affected by Pper under control conditions but decreased with increasing Pper after L-NNA. The pressure in the small venules at each Pper decreased after L-NNA. In a second group of animals, we infused phenylephrine to control for increased tone produced by L-NNA. Results were similar to those seen with L-NNA. In conclusion, blocking EDRF synthesis increases both Pcrit and Rart, but the same response was also obtained with phenylephrine.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 16:38:36