Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
IMPRISONMENT - A RISK FACTOR FOR HIV-INFECTION COUNTERACTING EDUCATION AND PREVENTION PROGRAMS FOR INTRAVENOUS-DRUG-USERS
Autore:
MULLER R; STARK K; GUGGENMOOSHOLZMANN I; WIRTH D; BIENZLE U;
Indirizzi:
FREE UNIV BERLIN,INST MED STAT,HINDENBURGDAMM 30 D-12200 BERLIN GERMANY INST TROP MED BERLIN GERMANY
Titolo Testata:
AIDS
fascicolo: 2, volume: 9, anno: 1995,
pagine: 183 - 190
SICI:
0269-9370(1995)9:2<183:I-ARFF>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BEHAVIOR; PREVALENCE; PRISON; AIDS; ANTIBODY; NEEDLE; SEROPREVALENCE; SEROPOSITIVITY; TRANSMISSION; SEROSTATUS;
Keywords:
HIV; INTRAVENOUS DRUG USERS; IMPRISONMENT; RISK BEHAVIOR; BEHAVIOR CHANGE; AIDS PREVENTION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
48
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R. Muller et al., "IMPRISONMENT - A RISK FACTOR FOR HIV-INFECTION COUNTERACTING EDUCATION AND PREVENTION PROGRAMS FOR INTRAVENOUS-DRUG-USERS", AIDS, 9(2), 1995, pp. 183-190

Abstract

Objectives: To examine changes of risk behaviour and its determinantsas well as risk factors for HIV infection in intravenous drug users (IVDU) with particular attention to imprisonment and its risk patterns. Setting: In 1993 a multisite cross-sectional study was carried out bystandardized questionnaires and blood/saliva samples in which 612 IVDU from Berlin were enrolled. Results: Multifactorial analysis revealedthat the most important risk factor for HIV infection was needle-sharing in prison. in total, 353 IVDU (58%) reported reduced risk behaviour; changes related more to injection behaviour than sexual practices (91 versus 68%). Important determinants for needle-sharing during the last 6 months were intravenous drug use in prison, duration of drug-taking history, and knowledge of a negative HIV test. The most frequentlyreported reasons for current needle-sharing were having shared needles with only one regular partner (45%) and imprisonment (26%). Conclusion: Information campaigns and other prevention measures appear to haveproduced risk awareness in IVDU, and as a consequence, a reduction inrisk behaviour. The situation in prisons (no sterile injecting equipment, no effective disinfectants), however, is counteractive to prevention measures implemented outside prisons. An important task for futurestrategies should be to enable IVDU to avoid HIV transmission while in prisons.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 15/07/20 alle ore 05:34:58