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Titolo:
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF RISK-FACTORS FOR AGE-RELATED CATARACT
Autore:
WEST SK; VALMADRID CT;
Indirizzi:
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV HOSP,DANA CTR PREVENT OPHTHALMOL,WILMER ROOM 116,600 N WOLFE ST BALTIMORE MD 21287 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV,WILMER EYE INST,DANA CTR PREVENT OPHTHALMOL BALTIMORE MD 21218
Titolo Testata:
Survey of ophthalmology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 39, anno: 1995,
pagine: 323 - 334
SICI:
0039-6257(1995)39:4<323:EORFAC>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BEAVER DAM EYE; POSTERIOR SUBCAPSULAR CATARACTS; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; LENS OPACITIES; SENILE CATARACT; ASPIRIN USE; DIABETES-MELLITUS; ULTRAVIOLET-RADIATION; DEHYDRATIONAL CRISES; ALLOPURINOL THERAPY;
Keywords:
AGE-RELATED CATARACT; ALCOHOL; ALLOPURINOL; ANTIOXIDANTS; ASPIRIN; CATARACT; DIABETES; DIARRHEA; EDUCATION; EPIDEMIOLOGY; GENDER; PHENOTHIAZINES; RISK FACTORS; SMOKING; STEROIDS; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
125
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.K. West e C.T. Valmadrid, "EPIDEMIOLOGY OF RISK-FACTORS FOR AGE-RELATED CATARACT", Survey of ophthalmology, 39(4), 1995, pp. 323-334

Abstract

Epidemiologic studies on risk factors for cataract have progressed significantly over the last decade. Age-related cataract is a multifactorial disease, and different risk factors seem to play a role for different cataract types. Cortical and posterior subcapsular cataracts appear to be most closely related to environmental stresses such as ultraviolet exposure, diabetes, and drug ingestion. Nuclear cataracts appearto be associated with smoking. Alcohol use seems to be associated with all cataract types. Consistent evidence also suggests that the prevalence of all cataract types is lower among those with higher education. Most of the current data support a role for antioxidants associated with decreased rates of all cataract types, but further studies are needed. More data are needed to establish the association, if any, of diarrhea, blood pressure, and use of allopurinol and phenothiazines withsenile cataracts.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/09/20 alle ore 20:06:23