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Titolo:
LATENT INHIBITION IN HUMANS - DATA, THEORY, AND IMPLICATIONS FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA
Autore:
LUBOW RE; GEWIRTZ JC;
Indirizzi:
TEL AVIV UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL IL-69978 TEL AVIV ISRAEL YALE UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL NEW HAVEN CT 06520
Titolo Testata:
Psychological bulletin
fascicolo: 1, volume: 117, anno: 1995,
pagine: 87 - 103
SICI:
0033-2909(1995)117:1<87:LIIH-D>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CONDITIONED TASTE-AVERSION; STIMULUS PREEXPOSURE; CHRONIC AMPHETAMINE; PAVLOVIAN DISCRIMINATION; HYPERACTIVE-CHILDREN; CONTEXT SPECIFICITY; IRRELEVANT STIMULI; DRUG-ACTION; FACILITATION; ATTENTION;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
131
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.E. Lubow e J.C. Gewirtz, "LATENT INHIBITION IN HUMANS - DATA, THEORY, AND IMPLICATIONS FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA", Psychological bulletin, 117(1), 1995, pp. 87-103

Abstract

Learning about the consequences of a stimulus is retarded if that stimulus has been experienced without reinforcement. A literature review of this latent inhibition (LI) effect indicates that LI is similar in human and other species, although in adult humans it often requires a masking or distracter task. The discrepancy in conditions for producing LI can be accounted for by developmental differences in the automatic processing of unattended stimuli. In adults, automatic processes aresubject to a controlled information-processing override. Masking prevents controlled processing of the preexposed stimuli so that they remain unattended. The role of masking in attenuating LI in schizotypal/schizophrenic groups is assessed. It is proposed that schizophrenia is related to an inability to use occasion-setting properties of context or to switch from controlled to automatic processing of inconsequentialevents.

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Documento generato il 29/05/20 alle ore 16:57:55