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Titolo:
CHANGING THE ION-BINDING SPECIFICITY OF THE ESCHERICHIA-COLI H-TRANSPORTING ATP SYNTHASE BY DIRECTED MUTAGENESIS OF SUBUNIT-C()
Autore:
ZHANG Y; FILLINGAME RH;
Indirizzi:
UNIV WISCONSIN,SCH MED,DEPT BIOMOLEC CHEM,587 MED SCI BLDG MADISON WI53706 UNIV WISCONSIN,SCH MED,DEPT BIOMOLEC CHEM MADISON WI 53706
Titolo Testata:
The Journal of biological chemistry
fascicolo: 1, volume: 270, anno: 1995,
pagine: 87 - 93
SICI:
0021-9258(1995)270:1<87:CTISOT>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PROPIONIGENIUM-MODESTUM; ADENOSINE-TRIPHOSPHATASE; NUCLEOTIDE-SEQUENCE; NA+/H+ ANTIPORTER; F1F0 ATPASE; UNC OPERON; F0; DICYCLOHEXYLCARBODIIMIDE; TRANSLOCATION; EXPRESSION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
42
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
Y. Zhang e R.H. Fillingame, "CHANGING THE ION-BINDING SPECIFICITY OF THE ESCHERICHIA-COLI H-TRANSPORTING ATP SYNTHASE BY DIRECTED MUTAGENESIS OF SUBUNIT-C()", The Journal of biological chemistry, 270(1), 1995, pp. 87-93

Abstract

Most F1F0 type ATP synthases, including that in Escherichia coli, useH+ as the coupling ion for ATP synthesis. However, the structurally related F1F0 ATP synthase in Propionigenium modestum uses Na+ in stead. The binding site for Na+ resides in the F-0 sector of the P. modestumenzyme. We postulated that Na+ might interact with subunit c of F-0. Subunit c of P. modestum and E. coli are reasonably homologous (19% identity) but show striking variations around the H+-translocating, dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-reactive carboxyl (Asp(61) in E. coli). Several hydrophobic residues around Asp(61) were replaced with polar residues according to the P. modestum sequence in the hope that the polar replacements might provide liganding groups for Na+. One mutant from 31 different mutation combinations did generate an active enzyme that binds Li+, the combination being V60A, D61E, A62S, and I63T. Li+ binding was detected by Li+ inhibition of ATP-driven H+ transport, Li+ inhibition of F1F0-ATPase activity, and Li+ inhibition of F-0-mediated H+ transport. The Li+ effects were observed with membrane vesicles prepared froma Delta nhaA, Delta nhaB mutant background which lacks Na+/H+ antiporters, and with purified, reconstituted preparations of F-0 prepared from this background strain. Li+ inhibition was observed at pH 8.5 but not at pH 7.0. H+ thus appears to compete with Li+ for the binding site. Li+ binding was abolished by replacement of Glu(61) by Asp or Ser(62) by Ala. The side chains at Ala(60) and Thr(63) may act in a supporting structural role by providing a more flexible conformation for the Li+ binding cavity. Thr(63) does not appear to provide a liganding group since H+ transport in two other mutants, with Gly or Ala in place ofThr(63), was also inhibited by Li+. We suggest that a X-Glu-Ser-Y or X-Glu-Thr-Y sequence may provide a general structural motif for monovalent cation binding, and that the flexibility provided by residues X and Y will prove crucial to this structure.

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Documento generato il 21/09/20 alle ore 01:56:57