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Titolo:
KAVAPYRONE ENRICHED EXTRACT FROM PIPER METHYSTICUM AS MODULATOR OF THE GABA BINDING-SITE IN DIFFERENT REGIONS OF RAT-BRAIN
Autore:
JUSSOFIE A; SCHMIZ A; HIEMKE C;
Indirizzi:
UNIV ESSEN GESAMTHSCH KLINIKUM,INST PHYSIOL CHEM,HUFELANDSTR 55 D-45122 ESSEN GERMANY UNIV MAINZ,PSYCHIAT KLIN D-55131 MAINZ GERMANY
Titolo Testata:
Psychopharmacology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 116, anno: 1994,
pagine: 469 - 474
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ACID RECEPTOR-BINDING; S-35 TBPS BINDING; A RECEPTOR; CEREBELLUM; MECHANISMS; RESPONSES; STEROIDS; AFFINITY; DIAZEPAM; DENSITY;
Keywords:
KAVAPYRONE; PIPER METHYSTICUM; GABA; RAT; BRAIN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
34
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
A. Jussofie et al., "KAVAPYRONE ENRICHED EXTRACT FROM PIPER METHYSTICUM AS MODULATOR OF THE GABA BINDING-SITE IN DIFFERENT REGIONS OF RAT-BRAIN", Psychopharmacology, 116(4), 1994, pp. 469-474

Abstract

Regional differences in the modulation of [H-3] muscimol binding to GABA(A) receptor complexes by kavapyrones, compounds of the rhizome of the plant Piper methysticum which possess sedative activity, were demonstrated using membrane fractions obtained from target brain centers of kavapyrone action: hippocampus (HIP), amygdala (AMY) and medulla oblongata (MED), and from brain centers outside the main kavapyrone effects as frontal cortex (FC) and cerebellum (CER). The kava extract enhanced the binding of [H-3] muscimol in a concentration-dependent manner with maximal potentiation of 358% over control in HIP followed by AMY and MED (main target brain centers). Minimal stimulation was observed in CER followed by FC. In contrast, apart from CER, the potency of kavapyrones was similar in the brain areas investigated with EC(50) values ranging between 200 and 300 mu M kavapyrones. Scatchard analysis revealed that the observed effects of kavapyrones were due to an increasein the number of binding sites (B-max), rather than to a change in affinity. At a kavapyrone concentration of 500 mu M the order of enhancement in B-max was HIP AMY > MED > FC > CER. When kavapyrones are included together with pentobarbital or HPO the two classes of compounds produced a more than additive, i.e., synergetic effect on [H-3] muscimolbinding. Our findings suggest that one way kavapyrones might mediate sedative effects in vivo is through effects on GABA(A) receptor binding.

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Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 00:35:31