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Titolo:
HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENAL RESPONSES TO BRIEF SOCIAL SEPARATION
Autore:
HENNESSY MB;
Indirizzi:
WRIGHT STATE UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL DAYTON OH 45435
Titolo Testata:
Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews
fascicolo: 1, volume: 21, anno: 1997,
pagine: 11 - 29
SICI:
0149-7634(1997)21:1<11:HRTBSS>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GUINEA-PIG PUPS; MOTHER-INFANT SEPARATION; MONKEYS SAIMIRI-SCIUREUS; FEMALE SQUIRREL-MONKEYS; MATERNAL SEPARATION; PLASMA-CORTISOL; RHESUS-MONKEYS; ADRENOCORTICAL ACTIVITY; PREWEANLING RATS; STRESS RESPONSES;
Keywords:
SOCIAL SEPARATION; HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENAL; ATTACHMENT;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
148
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M.B. Hennessy, "HYPOTHALAMIC-PITUITARY-ADRENAL RESPONSES TO BRIEF SOCIAL SEPARATION", Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews, 21(1), 1997, pp. 11-29

Abstract

Involuntary separation from close social companions is widely held tolead to pathophysiological outcomes. Presumably, the relationship with, or category of, the separated individual determines the nature of the physiological response. Here, experiments examining the consequences of brief involuntary separation on the activity of the stress-responsive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system are reviewed. Only those studies designed specifically to assess the effect of the absence of the social partner are considered. Evidence for HPA activation in response to social separation has been obtained in a number of species;yet, many studies find no effect of separation of affiliative partners on HPA activity. The occurrence of an HPA response to separation does not appear to be related to the phylogenetic position or cognitive capacity of the species studied, nor is it a universal response to mother-infant separation. Rather, it is suggested that the pattern of results can be largely understood in the context of attachment. Separationof partners exhibiting signs of emotional attachment leads to an immediate and persistent HPA response, whereas separation of partners thatare affiliative, but do not exhibit attachment, has little or no effect on HPA activity. Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 00:41:57