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Titolo:
THE MILK-ALKALI SYNDROME CAUSED BY BETELNUTS IN OYSTER SHELL PASTE
Autore:
WU KD; CHUANG RB; WU FL; HSU WA; JAN IS; TSAI KS;
Indirizzi:
NATL TAIWAN UNIV HOSP,DEPT LAB MED,CHUNG SHAN S RD TAIPEI 10016 TAIWAN NATL TAIWAN UNIV HOSP,DEPT LAB MED TAIPEI 10016 TAIWAN
Titolo Testata:
Journal of toxicology. Clinical toxicology
fascicolo: 6, volume: 34, anno: 1996,
pagine: 741 - 745
SICI:
0731-3810(1996)34:6<741:TMSCBB>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CALCIUM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
18
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
K.D. Wu et al., "THE MILK-ALKALI SYNDROME CAUSED BY BETELNUTS IN OYSTER SHELL PASTE", Journal of toxicology. Clinical toxicology, 34(6), 1996, pp. 741-745

Abstract

Background: The carcinogenic effect of betelnut chewing leading to oral cancer is well known. Betelnut chewing may also affect the autonomic nervous system. In this report, we present another potential hazard of betelnuts, milk-alkali syndrome. Case Report: Two patients who had chewed a large quantity of betelnuts developed hypercalcemia, metabolic alkalosis, and renal insufficiency. They ingested a large amount of calcium carbonate from a local special paste used for betelnut preparation, the main ingredient of which is ground oyster shell. The symptoms and metabolic abnormalities disappeared promptly after abstinence from betelnut chewing and administration of saline solution. Improvementof renal function was observed in both patients. Analysis of the calcium content of the paste suggested that the patients might have ingested 9 g and 6 g of calcium carbonate per day, respectively. Conclusion:This is the first report of milk-alkali syndrome not caused iatrogenically, but by recreational usage of oyster shell preparations of betelnuts.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/12/20 alle ore 05:21:51