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Titolo:
SEDATION IN ACUTE AND CHRONIC AGITATION
Autore:
LEVY RH;
Indirizzi:
NYU,SCH MED,BELLEVUE HOSP CTR,550 1ST AVE NEW YORK NY 10016
Titolo Testata:
Pharmacotherapy
fascicolo: 6, volume: 16, anno: 1996,
parte:, 2
pagine: 152 - 159
SICI:
0277-0008(1996)16:6<152:SIAACA>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NEUROLEPTIC-INDUCED AKATHISIA; PHARMACOLOGICAL TREATMENT; TIME COURSE; BENZODIAZEPINES; SCHIZOPHRENIA; PROPRANOLOL; ANTIPSYCHOTICS; MANAGEMENT; ALPRAZOLAM; LORAZEPAM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.H. Levy, "SEDATION IN ACUTE AND CHRONIC AGITATION", Pharmacotherapy, 16(6), 1996, pp. 152-159

Abstract

Agitation is a nonspecific constellation of symptoms seen in a variety of psychiatric disorders, ranging from psychotic exacerbations in patients with schizophrenia to behavioral disturbances associated with organic factors. Its treatment must be individualized and based on the etiology of the psychomotor disturbance. Certain categories of drugs are broadly effective. Sedation and control of disruptive and dangerousbehavior are the initial goals in stabilizing acutely agitated patients. Sedation is necessary during the lag period before antipsychotic and mood-stabilizing drugs take effect. Barbiturates and chlorpromazine, initially given to control agitated behavior, are largely supplantedby higher-potency antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, and, recently a combination of these two agents. Agitation is generally controlled within hours to days, whereas remission of affective or psychotic symptoms often requires weeks to months. Once remission is obtained, sedation is no longer desired and may be a barrier to optimal patient function and compliance. Thus, for long-term treatment, strategies are used to minimize sedation, such as reducing dosages, changing administration tobedtime, or adding antidepressants or stimulants where appropriate.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 17/02/20 alle ore 17:19:36