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Titolo:
CORONARY-ARTERY RESTENOSIS AFTER BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY IN HUMANS IS ASSOCIATED WITH CIRCUMFERENTIAL CORONARY CONSTRICTION
Autore:
LUO HA; NISHIOKA T; EIGLER NL; FORRESTER JS; FISHBEIN MC; BERGLUND H; SIEGEL RJ;
Indirizzi:
CEDARS SINAI MED CTR,DIV CARDIOL,ROOM 5335,8700 BEVERLY BLVD LOS ANGELES CA 90048 CEDARS SINAI MED CTR,DIV CARDIOL LOS ANGELES CA 90048
Titolo Testata:
Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
fascicolo: 11, volume: 16, anno: 1996,
pagine: 1393 - 1398
SICI:
1079-5642(1996)16:11<1393:CRABAI>2.0.ZU;2-M
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INTRAVASCULAR ULTRASOUND; COMPENSATORY ENLARGEMENT; INTRACORONARY ULTRASOUND; INVITRO VALIDATION; INJURY; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; ATHERECTOMY; MECHANISMS; RABBIT;
Keywords:
CORONARY RESTENOSIS; BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY; INTRAVASCULAR ULTRASOUND;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
H.A. Luo et al., "CORONARY-ARTERY RESTENOSIS AFTER BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY IN HUMANS IS ASSOCIATED WITH CIRCUMFERENTIAL CORONARY CONSTRICTION", Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, 16(11), 1996, pp. 1393-1398

Abstract

Therapies that inhibit intimal hyperplasia do not prevent restenosis after coronary artery balloon angioplasty, suggesting that additional mechanisms may be responsible for restenosis in humans. Using an intravascular ultrasound (Hewlett-Packard Sonos Intravascular Imaging System), 3.5F, 30-MHz (Boston Scientific) monorail imaging catheter, we studied 17 patients with clinical and angiographic restenosis at an average (mean+/-SD) of 7+/-6 months after balloon angioplasty (13 men: age,71+/-10 years; 12 left anterior descending coronary arteries, 4 rightcoronary arteries, and 1 left circumflex coronary artery). The lumen area (LA), vessel wall area (VWA), and total cross-sectional area (CSA) within the external elastic lamina were measured at the restenosis site and at proximal and distal reference sites, which were defined as adjacent segments with the least amount of plaque. Consistent with coronary angiography findings, decreased LA at the restenotic site was detected in all 17 patients. The unique finding was that total CSA at the restenotic site was significantly decreased compared with both proximal and distal reference sites (10.1+/-2.4 versus 14.8+/-3.2 mm(2) and10.1+/-2.4 versus 13.8+/-3.1 mm(2), respectively, P<.001), whereas VWA (intima plus media) was slightly increased at the angio plasty site compared with both proximal and distal reference sites (8.0+/-2.3 versus 7.6+/-2.3 mm(2) and 8.0+/-2.3 versus 6.7+/-2.3 mm(2), respectively,P=NS). Eighty-three percent of the loss in LA at the restenotic site was due to constriction of the total CSA, while the increase in VWA atthe restenotic site accounted for only a 17% loss in LA. We then compared these results with the morphology of coronary artery segments in 14 patients without restenosis. These coronary artery segments had been previously treated with balloon angioplasty (7+/-5 months). Unlike that in restenotic lesions, the total CSA within the external elastic lamina at the sites of previous angioplasty was similar to that in distal and proximal reference sites (P=NS). Significant and consistent reduction in arterial CSA, with a minor increase in VWA, characterizes human coronary lesions that cause angiographic restenosis. These data suggest that in humans, ''recoil'' and/or vascular contraction with healing in response to balloon injury is a major contributor to restenosisafter balloon angioplasty.

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Documento generato il 11/07/20 alle ore 20:38:33