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Titolo:
PEACEBUILDERS - A THEORETICALLY DRIVEN, SCHOOL-BASED MODEL FOR EARLY VIOLENCE PREVENTION
Autore:
EMBRY DD; FLANNERY DJ; VAZSONYI AT; POWELL KE; ATHA H;
Indirizzi:
HEARTSPRINGS INC,POB 12158 TUCSON AZ 85732
Titolo Testata:
American journal of preventive medicine
fascicolo: 5, volume: 12, anno: 1996, supplemento:, S
pagine: 91 - 100
SICI:
0749-3797(1996)12:5<91:P-ATDS>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BEHAVIOR; AGGRESSION;
Keywords:
VIOLENCE; INTERVENTION STUDIES; PRIMARY PREVENTION; PROGRAM EVALUATION; CHILD (AGE 6-12); AGGRESSION; EDUCATION (EARLY INTERVENTION);
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.D. Embry et al., "PEACEBUILDERS - A THEORETICALLY DRIVEN, SCHOOL-BASED MODEL FOR EARLY VIOLENCE PREVENTION", American journal of preventive medicine, 12(5), 1996, pp. 91-100

Abstract

PeaceBuilders(R) is a schoolwide violence-prevention program for elementary schools (K-5). A coalition of the Pima County Community Services Department, University of Arizona, and Heartsprings, Inc. (a Tucson-based company) are conducting a formal evaluation. Children who grow up to commit acts of violence show cognitive, social, and imitative differences from their peers. These characteristics can be ameliorated, most successfully through interventions that begin at an early age and involve multiple segments of the child's social experiences and interactions. PeaceBuilders activities are built into the school environmentand the daily interactions among students, teachers, and administrative staff, all of whom are taught a common language and provided modelsof positive behavior, environmental cues to signal such behavior, opportunities to rehearse positive behavior, and rewards for practicing it. Four schools, one from each of four matched pairs, were randomly assigned to begin Peace-Builders in Year 1. The remaining four schools begin in Year 2. Outcome assessments include student self-reports, standardized teacher reports, playground observations, and school and law enforcement records. Process assessments include school observations and surveys of teacher practices and satisfaction. Surveys were completed by 2,736 children. The sample is about 55% Hispanic, 26% Angle, 14%Native American, and 4% African American. Among children in grades 3-5, during the past week 15% had been sent to the office for disciplinary problems, 13% tried to start a fight, 27% hit someone, and 12% reported being threatened with a gun or knife. Violent behaviors and experiences are common among the studied children. A valid evaluation is underway of PeaceBuilders. Medical Subject Headings (MeSH): violence, intervention studies, primary prevention, program evaluation, child (age6-12), aggression, education (early intervention).

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 18:47:16