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Titolo:
IS ADHD A RISK FACTOR FOR PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS - FINDINGS FROM A 4-YEAR PROSPECTIVE FOLLOW-UP-STUDY
Autore:
BIEDERMAN J; WILENS T; MICK E; FARAONE SV; WEBER W; CURTIS S; THORNELL A; PFISTER K; JETTON JG; SORIANO J;
Indirizzi:
MASSACHUSETTS GEN HOSP,PEDIAT PSYCHOPHARMACOL UNIT,PSYCHIAT SERV,ACC 725,FRUIT ST BOSTON MA 02114 HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT BOSTON MA 02115 HARVARD UNIV,MASSACHUSETTS HLTH CTR,INST PSYCHIAT EPIDEMIOL & GENET,DEPT PSYCHIAT BOSTON MA 02115 HARVARD UNIV,SCH PUBL HLTH,DEPT EPIDEMIOL BOSTON MA 02115
Titolo Testata:
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
fascicolo: 1, volume: 36, anno: 1997,
pagine: 21 - 29
SICI:
0890-8567(1997)36:1<21:IAARFF>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY; SEEKING COCAINE ABUSERS; PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS; OPIATE ADDICTS; DRUG-USE; COMORBIDITY; BOYS; CHILDHOOD; ALCOHOL; ADOLESCENTS;
Keywords:
ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER; DRUG; ALCOHOL; CHILDREN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
48
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J. Biederman et al., "IS ADHD A RISK FACTOR FOR PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS - FINDINGS FROM A 4-YEAR PROSPECTIVE FOLLOW-UP-STUDY", Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(1), 1997, pp. 21-29

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate whether attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a risk factor for psychoactive substance use disorders (PSUD), attending to issues of psychiatric comorbidity, family history, and adversity. Method: Using assessments from multiple domains, the authors examined 140 ADHD and 120 normal control subjects at baseline and 4 years later. Drug and alcohol abuse and dependence were operationally defined. Results: No differences were detected in the rates of alcohol or drug abuse or dependence or in the rates of abuse of individual substances between the groups; both ADHD and control probands had a 15% rate of PSUD. Conduct and bipolar disorders predicted PSUD, independently of ADHD status. Family history of substance dependence and antisocial disorders was associated with PSUD in controls but less clearly so in ADHD probands. Family history of ADHD was not associated with risk for PSUD. ADHD probands had a significantly shorter time period between the onsets of abuse and dependence compared with controls (1.2 years versus 3 years, p < .01). Conclusions: Adolescents with and without ADHD had a similar risk for PSUD that was mediated by conduct and bipolar disorder. Since the risk for PSUD has been shown to be elevated in adults with ADHD when compared with controls, a sharp increase inPSUD is to be expected in grown-up ADHD children during the transition from adolescence to adulthood.

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Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 19:47:51