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Titolo:
MODELS OF TREATMENT SEEKING FOR ALCOHOLISM - THE ROLE OF GENES AND ENVIRONMENT
Autore:
TRUE WR; HEATH AC; BUCHOLZ K; SLUTSKE W; ROMEIS JC; SCHERRER JF; LIN N; EISEN SA; GOLDBERG J; LYONS MJ; TSUANG MT;
Indirizzi:
ST LOUIS UNIV,MED CTR,SCH PUBL HLTH,3663 LINDELL BLVD ST LOUIS MO 63108 VET AFFAIRS MED CTR,RES & MED SERV ST LOUIS MO 00000 VET AFFAIRS MED CTR,ST LOUIS HLTH SERV RES & DEV PROGRAM ST LOUIS MO 00000 UNIV WASHINGTON,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT ST LOUIS MO 00000 UNIV WASHINGTON,SCH MED,DEPT INTERNAL MED,DIV GEN MED SCI ST LOUIS MO00000 UNIV ILLINOIS,SCH PUBL HLTH,PROGRAM EPIDEMIOL CHICAGO IL 00000 BOSTON UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL BOSTON MA 02215 HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT,BROCKTON W ROXBURY VET AFFAIRS MEDCTR BROCKTON MA 02401 HARVARD UNIV,INST PSYCHIAT EPIDEMIOL & GENET CAMBRIDGE MA 00000 HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT,MASSACHUSETTS MENTAL HLTH CTR CAMBRIDGE MA 02138 HARVARD UNIV,SCH PUBL HLTH,DEPT EPIDEMIOL CAMBRIDGE MA 02138 DEPT VET AFFAIRS HINES IL 00000
Titolo Testata:
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research
fascicolo: 9, volume: 20, anno: 1996,
pagine: 1577 - 1581
SICI:
0145-6008(1996)20:9<1577:MOTSFA>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TWIN VET REGISTRY; SMOKING PERSISTENCE; PROBLEM DRINKERS; VIETNAM; POPULATION;
Keywords:
GENETIC MODELS; HEALTH CARE UTILIZATION; ALCOHOLISM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
W.R. True et al., "MODELS OF TREATMENT SEEKING FOR ALCOHOLISM - THE ROLE OF GENES AND ENVIRONMENT", Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 20(9), 1996, pp. 1577-1581

Abstract

We investigated the relative influence of genes and environment on the decision to seek treatment for alcoholism under three models of health care utilization. Lifetime alcohol dependence and two measures of treatment seeking for alcohol problems were determined from a 1992 telephone administration of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule. Data were analyzed from 1,864 monozygotic and 1,492 dizygotic male twin respondents from the Vietnam Era Twin Registry. Genetic and environmental contributions to the decision to seek treatment for alcoholism were assessed under competing models for the relationship between genetic influences on alcoholism risk and genetic influences on treatment seeking among those who became alcoholics. Under the best-fitting model, genetic influence accounted for 41% of the variance in treatment seeking and 55% of the liability for alcoholism. Shared environment explained none of the variance in liability for alcoholism, but 40% of the variance intreatment seeking. The severity of alcoholism alone is an inadequate model of treatment seeking, because decisions to seek alcohol treatment are also influenced by substantial genetic and or shared environmental factors unrelated to the determinants of alcoholism.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/03/20 alle ore 15:00:47