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Titolo:
TYPE-I AND TYPE-II ALCOHOLISM - AN UPDATE
Autore:
CLONINGER CR; SIGVARDSSON S; BOHMAN M;
Indirizzi:
WASHINGTON UNIV,SCH MED,CTR PSYCHOBIOL PERSONAL ST LOUIS MO 63130 UMEA UNIV,DEPT SOCIAL MED UMEA SWEDEN UMEA UNIV,DEPT CHILD & YOUTH PSYCHIAT UMEA SWEDEN
Titolo Testata:
Alcohol health and research world
fascicolo: 1, volume: 20, anno: 1996,
pagine: 18 - 23
SICI:
0090-838X(1996)20:1<18:TATA-A>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CROSS-FOSTERING ANALYSIS; INHERITANCE; SUBTYPES; ABUSE; P3;
Keywords:
AOD DEPENDENCE; DISORDER CLASSIFICATION; CLONINGERS TYPOLOGY ADOPTION STUDY; SWEDEN; COMPARATIVE STUDY; HEREDITARY FACTORS; ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS; PERSONALITY TRAIT; CRIMINALITY; AGE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
C.R. Cloninger et al., "TYPE-I AND TYPE-II ALCOHOLISM - AN UPDATE", Alcohol health and research world, 20(1), 1996, pp. 18-23

Abstract

A commonly cited alcoholism typology, the type I-type II typology, was developed from the findings of a study of Swedish adoptees and theirbiological and adoptive parents, Type I alcoholism affects both men and women, requires the presence of a genetic as well as an environmental predisposition, commences later in life after years of heavy drinking, and can take on either a mild or severe form, Type II alcoholism, in contrast, affects mainly sons of male alcoholics, is influenced only weakly by environmental factors, often begins during adolescence or early adulthood is characterized by moderate severity, and usually is associated with criminal behavior, Additional studies have demonstrated that type I and type II alcoholics also differ in characteristic personality traits (e.g., harm avoidance and novelty seeking) as well as in certain neurophysiological markers. A replication study with a second group of Swedish adoptees has confirmed many of the findings of theoriginal adoption study.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/10/20 alle ore 00:33:36