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Titolo:
POLYDRUG USE IN ADOLESCENT DRINKERS WITH AND WITHOUT DSM-IV ALCOHOL-ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE
Autore:
MARTIN CS; KACZYNSKI NA; MAISTO SA; TARTER RE;
Indirizzi:
UNIV PITTSBURGH,WESTERN PSYCHIAT INST & CLIN,MED CTR,DEPT PSYCHIAT PITTSBURGH PA 15213 SYRACUSE UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL SYRACUSE NY 13244
Titolo Testata:
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research
fascicolo: 6, volume: 20, anno: 1996,
pagine: 1099 - 1108
SICI:
0145-6008(1996)20:6<1099:PUIADW>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SENSATION SEEKING SCALES; DRUG-USE; SUBSTANCE ABUSE; COCAINE USE; PATTERNS; STUDENTS; CRACK; INVOLVEMENT; PREVALENCE; AMERICAN;
Keywords:
ADOLESCENTS; ALCOHOL; POLYDRUG USE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
52
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
C.S. Martin et al., "POLYDRUG USE IN ADOLESCENT DRINKERS WITH AND WITHOUT DSM-IV ALCOHOL-ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE", Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 20(6), 1996, pp. 1099-1108

Abstract

Alcohol and other substance use disorders are highly comorbid, but little is known about patterns of polydrug use in adolescents with different levels of alcohol involvement. This research examined patterns and correlates of polydrug use in 176 adolescent drinkers with DSM-IV alcohol dependence (n = 61), alcohol abuse (n = 57), and no alcohol diagnosis (n = 58). Alcohol and other Substance Use Disorders were assessed using a modified version of the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM. Lifetime histories of alcohol use and other drug use were assessed using a structured interview. Subjects also completed a questionnaire measure of the frequency of use of specific alcohol-drug combinations. The total number of illicit drugs ever used was greater in the alcohol dependence (mean = 3.8, SD = 2.1) and abuse groups (mean = 3.0, SD = 2.1), compared with the no-alcohol diagnosis group (mean = 1.9, SD = 1.3). Consistent with previous findings, there was a consistent pattern in the age of onset of psychoactive substance use: alcohol, followed by marijuana, followed by other drugs. The recent use of alcohol and other drugs in combination was reported by a greater percentage ofsubjects in the alcohol dependence (69%) and abuse groups (72%), compared with drinkers without an alcohol diagnosis (45%). The most commonalcohol-drug combination was alcohol with marijuana (58% of the totalsample), followed by alcohol-hallucinogens (16%). The frequency and extent of polydrug use was associated with being older and having higher levels of behavioral undercontrol and negative emotionality. Adolescent polydrug use, particularly the use of alcohol and other drugs in combination, is an important area for research, treatment, and prevention.

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Documento generato il 16/01/21 alle ore 07:30:38