Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
PHARMACOKINETIC AND PHARMACODYNAMIC INTERACTIONS IN AN OUTPATIENT MAINTENANCE THERAPY OF INTRAVENOUS HEROIN USERS WITH LEVOMETHADONE
Autore:
SCHALL U; PRIES E; KATTA T; KLOPPEL A; GASTPAR M;
Indirizzi:
UNIV ESSEN GESAMTHSCH,CLIN GEN PSYCHIAT,HUFELANDSTR 55 D-45147 ESSEN GERMANY UNIV ESSEN GESAMTHSCH,INST FORENS MED D-45147 ESSEN GERMANY
Titolo Testata:
Addiction biology
fascicolo: 1, volume: 1, anno: 1996,
pagine: 105 - 113
SICI:
1355-6215(1996)1:1<105:PAPIIA>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
METHADONE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
U. Schall et al., "PHARMACOKINETIC AND PHARMACODYNAMIC INTERACTIONS IN AN OUTPATIENT MAINTENANCE THERAPY OF INTRAVENOUS HEROIN USERS WITH LEVOMETHADONE", Addiction biology, 1(1), 1996, pp. 105-113

Abstract

The plasma levels of 42 patients on a levomethadone maintenance treatment programme for intravenous heroin users were measured before and, respectively, 1, 2 or 4 hours after oral routine administration and related to the individual additional drug usage (detected by urine drug screening), liver function, side-effects and withdrawal symptoms. In general, accelerated levomethadone metabolism induced by additional misuse of benzodiazepines, barbiturates and opiates resulted in significantly lower plasma levels of the substitute. In particular, high gamma-glutamyltransferase activity was related to benzodiazepine consumption. On the other hand, an impaired liver function reflected by increasedbeta-globulins resulted in an insufficient body clearance and drug accumulation Major side effects, such as sweating, were not related to plasma levels whereas withdrawal symptoms like diarrhoea or ''feeling cold'' correlate with lower plasma concentrations. It is concluded thatpolydrug misuse in the methadone maintenance therapy creates a vicious circle of enzyme induction, thus increasing ''instrumental drug utilization''. However, underestimated maintenance dosage may lead to additional drug consumption resulting, finally, in therapeutic failure.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 05:22:25