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Titolo:
SUBSTANCE-ABUSE TREATMENT ENTRY, RETENTION AND EFFECTIVENESS - OUT-OF-TREATMENT OPIATE INJECTION-DRUG USERS
Autore:
BOOTH RE; CROWLEY TJ; ZHANG YM;
Indirizzi:
UNIV COLORADO,HLTH SCI CTR,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT,ADDICT RES & TREATMENT SERV,1643 BOULDER ST DENVER CO 80211 UNIV COLORADO,HLTH SCI CTR,SCH MED,DEPT PREVENT MED & BIOMETR DENVER CO 80211
Titolo Testata:
Drug and alcohol dependence
fascicolo: 1, volume: 42, anno: 1996,
pagine: 11 - 20
SICI:
0376-8716(1996)42:1<11:STERAE>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
METHADONE-MAINTENANCE TREATMENT; NEW-YORK-CITY; FOLLOW-UP; THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITIES; COCAINE USERS; SAN-FRANCISCO; RISK BEHAVIOR; TIME SPENT; AIDS; DETOXIFICATION;
Keywords:
HIV; IDU; DRUG USE; TREATMENT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
59
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.E. Booth et al., "SUBSTANCE-ABUSE TREATMENT ENTRY, RETENTION AND EFFECTIVENESS - OUT-OF-TREATMENT OPIATE INJECTION-DRUG USERS", Drug and alcohol dependence, 42(1), 1996, pp. 11-20

Abstract

This study was designed to assess the effect of client characteristics and community interventions on treatment entry and retention, and toevaluate the relative effectiveness of treatment, compared to other interventions; in reducing drug use and crime among out-of-treatment opiate injectors. Subjects (N = 2973) from 15 cities were randomly assigned to: standard intervention (SI)-HIV testing and counseling; or enhanced intervention (EI)-SI plus additional educational sessions stressing responsible drug use. EI in some cities included staff assistance with treatment admission (i.e. 'active' referral). All locations provided intervention by community outreach workers. Factors positively associated with treatment entry included: prior treatment, intervention bycommunity workers, assignment to the EI, not injecting cocaine, injecting opiates, and fewer program interventions received. Sites where the Fl included active referral achieved significantly higher treatment entry rates than sites where the EI did not. Findings supported the efficacy of treatment over other interventions in reducing drug use and arrests, the addition of staff assistance to facilitate clients' entryinto treatment, and the involvement of community outreach workers in achieving treatment entry.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/07/20 alle ore 12:54:58