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Titolo:
IMPACT OF PREGNANCY ON GENDER DIFFERENCES IN SICKNESS ABSENCE
Autore:
ALEXANDERSON K; SYDSJO A; HENSING G; SYDSJO G; CARSTENSEN J;
Indirizzi:
LINKOPING UNIV,FAC HLTH SCI,DEPT COMMUNITY MED S-58185 LINKOPING SWEDEN FAC HLTH SCI,DEPT OBSTET & GYNAECOL LINKOPING SWEDEN LINKOPING UNIV,TEMA RES INST LINKOPING SWEDEN
Titolo Testata:
Scandinavian journal of social medicine
fascicolo: 3, volume: 24, anno: 1996,
pagine: 169 - 176
SICI:
0300-8037(1996)24:3<169:IOPOGD>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SWEDISH COUNTY; WHITEHALL-II; HEALTH; EPIDEMIOLOGY; MORBIDITY; LEAVE; WORK;
Keywords:
SICKNESS ABSENCE; GENDER DIFFERENCES; PREGNANCY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
K. Alexanderson et al., "IMPACT OF PREGNANCY ON GENDER DIFFERENCES IN SICKNESS ABSENCE", Scandinavian journal of social medicine, 24(3), 1996, pp. 169-176

Abstract

Women in general have a higher sickness absence than men, and sickness absence is particularly high among pregnant women. Study objectives:To study the level of male sickness absence as compared to female, including and excluding pregnant women. Design: Studies of incidence andlength of sickness absence exceeding 7 days using population-based sick-leave records. Setting: The community of Linkoping, Sweden, 117,000inhabitants. Participants: Subjects included in the analysis were allmen and women aged 16-44 who in 1985 or 1986 had at least one sick-leave spell exceeding 7 days. Results: Pregnant women had a very high sickness absence. When pregnant women were excluded, the female sick-leave rate decreased from 0.18 (95% C.I. 0.17-0.18) to 0.15 (95% C.I. 0.15-0.16) for all women. The corresponding male sick-leave rate was 0.12(95% c.i. 0.12-0.13). Gender differences in length of sickness absence decreased to the same extent. The results were similar when restricting the analysis to employed persons. The decrease varied a little with occupational group and was largest in the age-group 25-34. Conclusions: When pregnant women were excluded the excess female sick-leave rate was halved, but still remained 25% higher than the male. The impact of excluding pregnant women was highest in the age group 25-34, where the fertility-rate was highest. Although only 5% of all women aged 16-44 were pregnant, they had a large impact on gender differences in sickness absence.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 21/09/20 alle ore 03:31:35