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Titolo:
GAIN-CONTROL AND HYPERPOLARIZATION LEVEL IN CAT HORIZONTAL CELLS AS AFUNCTION OF LIGHT AND DARK-ADAPTATION
Autore:
VANDEGRIND WA; LANKHEET MJM; VANWEZEL RJA; ROWE MH; HULLEMAN J;
Indirizzi:
HELMHOLTZ EYE DIS RES INST,NEUROETHOL GRP NL-3584 CH UTRECHT NETHERLANDS UNIV UTRECHT NL-3584 CH UTRECHT NETHERLANDS HELMHOLTZ EYE DIS RES INST,NEUROETHOL GRP NL-3584 CH UTRECHT NETHERLANDS OHIO UNIV,DEPT BIOL SCI,NEUROBIOL PROGRAM ATHENS GA 00000 UNIV NIJMEGEN,NIJMEGEN INST COGNIT RES & INFORMAT TECHNOL NL-6500 HE NIJMEGEN NETHERLANDS
Titolo Testata:
Vision research
fascicolo: 24, volume: 36, anno: 1996,
pagine: 3969 - 3985
SICI:
0042-6989(1996)36:24<3969:GAHLIC>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FREQUENCY TRANSFER PROPERTIES; SPIKE GENERATING MECHANISM; TIGER SALAMANDER RETINA; GANGLION-CELLS; RECEPTIVE-FIELD; TURTLE RETINA; BACKGROUND ILLUMINATION; RESPONSE PROPERTIES; PROLONGED DARKNESS; RABBIT RETINA;
Keywords:
HORIZONTAL CELLS; CAT RETINA; ROD-CONE INTERACTION; DARK ADAPTATION; LIGHT ADAPTATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
75
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
W.A. Vandegrind et al., "GAIN-CONTROL AND HYPERPOLARIZATION LEVEL IN CAT HORIZONTAL CELLS AS AFUNCTION OF LIGHT AND DARK-ADAPTATION", Vision research, 36(24), 1996, pp. 3969-3985

Abstract

First a model is presented that accurately summarizes the dynamic properties of cat horizontal (H-) cells under photopic conditions as measured in our previous work The model predicts that asymmetries in response to dark as compared to light flashes are flash-duration dependent. This somewhat surprising prediction is tested and confirmed in intracellular recordings from the optically intact in vivo eye of the cat (Experiment 1). The model implies that the gain of H-cells should be related rather directly to the sustained (baseline) membrane potential, We performed three additional experiments to test this idea, Experiment2 concerns response vs intensity (R-I-) curves for various flash-diameters and background-sizes with background luminance varying over a 4 log unit range. Results support the assumption of a rather strict coupling between flash sensitivity (gain) and the sustained level of hyperpolarization. In Experiment 3 we investigate this relation for both dark and light flashes given on each of four background light levels. The results suggest that there are fixed minimum and maximum hyperpolarization levels, and that the baseline hyperpolarization for a given illumination thus also sets the available range for dark and light flash-responses. The question then arises whether, or how this changes during dark adaptation, when the rod contribution to H-cell responses gradually increases, The fourth experiment therefore studies the relationship between gain and hyperpolarization level during prolonged dark-adaptation. The results show that the rod contribution increases the polarization range of H-cells, but that the gain and polarization level nevertheless remain directly coupled, H-cell models relying on a close coupling between polarization level and gain thus remain attractive options. Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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Documento generato il 03/12/20 alle ore 05:47:21