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Titolo:
INTERACTION BETWEEN CHILDHOOD TEMPERAMENT AND PARENTAL DISCIPLINE PRACTICES ON BEHAVIORAL-ADJUSTMENT IN PREADOLESCENT SONS OF SUBSTANCE-ABUSE AND NORMAL FATHERS
Autore:
BLACKSON TC; TARTER RE; MEZZICH AC;
Indirizzi:
UNIV PITTSBURGH,MED CTR,DEPT PSYCHIAT,CTR EDUC & DRUG ABUSE RES,3811 OHARA ST PITTSBURGH PA 15213
Titolo Testata:
The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse
fascicolo: 3, volume: 22, anno: 1996,
pagine: 335 - 348
SICI:
0095-2990(1996)22:3<335:IBCTAP>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DIFFICULT TEMPERAMENT; AGE ONSET; DRUG-USE; FAMILY; ALCOHOL; ADOLESCENCE; RISK;
Keywords:
DIFFICULT TEMPERAMENT; DISCIPLINE PRACTICES; BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS; ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T.C. Blackson et al., "INTERACTION BETWEEN CHILDHOOD TEMPERAMENT AND PARENTAL DISCIPLINE PRACTICES ON BEHAVIORAL-ADJUSTMENT IN PREADOLESCENT SONS OF SUBSTANCE-ABUSE AND NORMAL FATHERS", The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse, 22(3), 1996, pp. 335-348

Abstract

We conducted this study with a sample of sons of fathers having a Psychoactive Substance Use Disorder (PSUD+, n = 55) and sons of fathers who did not qualify for a PSUD (PSUD-, n = 97). Parental discipline practice from the child's perspective was investigated in relation to thechild's difficult temperament to determine their association with sons' externalizing and internalizing behavior problems reported by mothers. PSUD+ status, difficult temperament in the boys, and their ratingsof parental discipline practices accounted for a significant proportion of variance with respect to their externalizing behavior (11%), buronly PSUD+ status had a main effect on internalizing behavior. However, the main finding of this study was that the interaction of parentaldiscipline and difficult temperament in the child moderated both externalizing and internalizing behavior problems, accounting for an additional 5% of an explained variance. Thus, this study illustrates the importance of the conjoint influence of children's temperament characteristics and parental discipline practices on the children's adjustment,These results support the findings from previous studies showing thata difficult temperament disposition places the child at risk for maltreatment by parents and for development of a disruptive behavior disorder. Both outcomes have been found in many investigations to presage alcohol and drug abuse in adolescence. The findings also underscore theimportance of both individual and contextual variables for understanding the development of psychopathology. In this regard, the results show the need for prevention and treatment to encompass strategies directed at disaggregating the basis of maladaptive family interaction patterns.

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Documento generato il 16/01/21 alle ore 08:00:42