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Titolo:
PHONOLOGICAL FACILITATION OF SEMANTIC ERRORS IN NORMAL AND APHASIC SPEAKERS
Autore:
MARTIN N; GAGNON DA; SCHWARTZ MF; DELL GS; SAFFRAN EM;
Indirizzi:
TEMPLE UNIV,SCH MED,CTR COGNIT NEUROSCI,3401 N BROAD ST PHILADELPHIA PA 19140 MOSS REHABIL RES INST PHILADELPHIA PA 00000 UNIV ILLINOIS URBANA IL 61801
Titolo Testata:
Language and cognitive processes
fascicolo: 3, volume: 11, anno: 1996,
pagine: 257 - 282
SICI:
0169-0965(1996)11:3<257:PFOSEI>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SPREADING ACTIVATION MODEL; SPEECH PRODUCTION; SENTENCE PRODUCTION; LANGUAGE PRODUCTION; LEXICAL RETRIEVAL; NAMING ERRORS; TIME COURSE; TONGUE; ACCESS; SLIPS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
N. Martin et al., "PHONOLOGICAL FACILITATION OF SEMANTIC ERRORS IN NORMAL AND APHASIC SPEAKERS", Language and cognitive processes, 11(3), 1996, pp. 257-282

Abstract

Semantic errors produced by normal and aphasic speakers on a picture naming test were examined for their phonological similarity to the targets they replaced. In both groups of subjects, semantic errors preserved phonological characteristics of the target word at rates greater than would be expected by chance. These results are consistent with previous findings in speech error corpora (e.g. Dell & Reich, 1981) and error elicitation studies (Martin, Weisberg, & Saffran, 1989) and lend support to the assumption that semantic and phonological representations of a word are retrieved in two overlapping stages. In addition to extending this finding to the aphasic population, the use of a picture naming task in the present study eliminated some of the potential confounds that arise in connected speech. In a second study, we examined phonological relationships within sets of semantically related words and showed that there is no tendency for these words to share phonological characteristics. This finding substantiates the argument that the tendency for semantic errors to preserve phonological characteristics of the target word does not arise by chance. We discuss these results in relation to alternative models of lexical retrieval.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 00:50:37