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Titolo:
EXECUTIVE COGNITIVE-FUNCTIONING PREDICTS REACTIVE AGGRESSION IN BOYS AT HIGH-RISK FOR SUBSTANCE-ABUSE - A PROSPECTIVE-STUDY
Autore:
GIANCOLA PR; MOSS HB; MARTIN CS; KIRISCI L; TARTER RE;
Indirizzi:
UNIV PITTSBURGH,SCH MED,WESTERN PSYCHIAT INST & CLIN,CTR EDUC & DRUG ABUSE RES,3811 OHARA ST PITTSBURGH PA 15213
Titolo Testata:
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research
fascicolo: 4, volume: 20, anno: 1996,
pagine: 740 - 744
SICI:
0145-6008(1996)20:4<740:ECPRAI>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BEHAVIOR; ALCOHOLISM; DISORDER; MEN;
Keywords:
EXECUTIVE COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING (ECF); REACTIVE AGGRESSION; PREFRONTAL CORTEX; SUBSTANCE ABUSE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
52
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
P.R. Giancola et al., "EXECUTIVE COGNITIVE-FUNCTIONING PREDICTS REACTIVE AGGRESSION IN BOYS AT HIGH-RISK FOR SUBSTANCE-ABUSE - A PROSPECTIVE-STUDY", Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 20(4), 1996, pp. 740-744

Abstract

This study assessed the ability of executive cognitive functioning (ECF) to predict reactive aggression in boys at high and low risk for substance abuse using a a-year prospective design. ECF is defined as theself-regulation of goal-directed behavior. Reactive aggression involves impulsive hostile reactions committed with little forethought. ECF was measured using five neuropsychological tests in 198 10- to 12-year-old boys with (SA+) and without (SA-) a paternal history of substanceabuse/dependence. Reactive aggression was measured, 2 years later, using a composite index of items derived from two self-report measures. It was hypothesized that ECF would predict reactive aggression, and that this relation would be stronger for the SA+ compared with the SA- boys. SA+ subjects demonstrated lower EGF scores and higher reactive aggression scores, compared with SA- controls. ECF predicted reactive aggression in the SA+ group (beta = 0.37, p = 0,001), but not in the SA-group (beta = 0.09, p = NS). This suggests that compromised ECF may be a risk factor for reactive aggression in SA+ youth. The hypothesis that the relation between ECF and reactive aggression is a manifestation of a mild dysfunction of the prefrontal cortex is discussed.

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Documento generato il 16/01/21 alle ore 07:13:43