Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
THE ROLE OF ALPHA(2)-ANTIPLASMIN IN THE INHIBITION OF CLOT LYSIS IN NEWBORNS AND ADULTS
Autore:
RIES M; KLINGE J; RAUCH R; KEUPER H; HARMS D;
Indirizzi:
UNIV ERLANGEN NURNBERG,KLIN POLIKLIN KINDER & JUGENDLICHE,LOSCHGESTR 15 D-91054 ERLANGEN GERMANY BEHRINGWERKE AG MARBURG GERMANY
Titolo Testata:
Biology of the neonate
fascicolo: 5, volume: 69, anno: 1996,
pagine: 298 - 306
SICI:
0006-3126(1996)69:5<298:TROAIT>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RESPIRATORY-DISTRESS SYNDROME; ALVEOLAR FIBRIN DEPOSITION; HUMAN COAGULATION SYSTEM; FULL-TERM NEWBORN; DYSFUNCTIONAL PLASMINOGEN; LOCAL ABNORMALITIES; INFANT; HEMOSTASIS; ACTIVATOR; PATHWAYS;
Keywords:
FIBRINOLYSIS; NEWBORNS; PLASMINOGEN; ALPHA(2)-ANTIPLASMIN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M. Ries et al., "THE ROLE OF ALPHA(2)-ANTIPLASMIN IN THE INHIBITION OF CLOT LYSIS IN NEWBORNS AND ADULTS", Biology of the neonate, 69(5), 1996, pp. 298-306

Abstract

The fibrinolytic system is involved in a wide variety of biological phenomena and differs physiologically in newborns compared to older children or adults. Newborn's plasminogen differs from adult plasminogen in carbohydrate composition, cell binding and activation kinetics. Thefetal plasminogen has an increased concentration of sialic acid similar to fetal fibrinogen. In a previously reported study on plasminogen activation kinetics, we demonstrated differences in the reaction kinetics between fetal plasmin and plasmin inhibitors as compared to the reaction between adult plasmin and inhibitors. Hitherto, there are no investigations on the role of ar-antiplasmin in the inhibition of alpha(2) lysis in newborns. We studied the contributions of purified alpha(2)-antiplasmin to the regulation of fibrin fibrin clot lysis by use of a microtiter clot lysis assay. The lysis time of clots without adding purified alpha(2)-antiplasmin correlated to the activator dose. When purified alpha(2)-antiplasmin was incorporated at final concentrations ranging from 10 to 4 mu g/ml, strong dose-dependent inhibition resulting in a prolongation of 50% lysis time was observed. The inhibition innewborns at all alpha(2)-antiplasmin concentrations was less pronounced than that of the adults if 50% lysis time was <55 min. If 50% lysistime was >55 min, the prolongation of 50% lysis time was more pronounced in newborn than in adult plasma. The fact that we have less effects of alpha(2)-antiplasmin in newborn infants at short reaction times despite the lower plasminogen levels, is consistent with slower reaction kinetics between plasmin and az-antiplasmin in newborns. These differences raise an explanation for the findings of Idell et al. [Am J Respir Grit Care Med 1994; 149:767-775] in premature baboons with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The knowledge of different reaction kinetics between plasmin and alpha(2)-antiplasmin and the role ofalpha(2)-antiplasmin in the inhibition of clot lysis in newborns can be helpful to elucidate the significance of the fetal fibrinolytic system in neonatal RDS and to establish treatment strategies for fibrinolytic therapy progressive RDS.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/09/20 alle ore 08:26:59