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Titolo:
EFFECTS OF ADJUSTMENT ON THE CASE-FINDING POTENTIAL OF COGNITIVE TESTS
Autore:
LINDEBOOM J; LAUNER LJ; SCHMAND BA; HOOYER C; JONKER C;
Indirizzi:
AMSTEL PROJECT,BOELELAAN 1081 C 1081 HV AMSTERDAM NETHERLANDS FREE UNIV AMSTERDAM,DEPT PSYCHIAT 1007 MC AMSTERDAM NETHERLANDS FREE UNIV AMSTERDAM HOSP,DEPT MED PSYCHOL AMSTERDAM NETHERLANDS SLOTERVAART HOSP,DEPT PSYCHOL AMSTERDAM NETHERLANDS
Titolo Testata:
Journal of clinical epidemiology
fascicolo: 6, volume: 49, anno: 1996,
pagine: 691 - 695
SICI:
0895-4356(1996)49:6<691:EOAOTC>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MINI-MENTAL-STATE; ADULT READING TEST; PREMORBID INTELLIGENCE; ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE; SCREENING-TEST; DEMENTIA; EDUCATION; DIAGNOSIS; ASSOCIATION; ABILITY;
Keywords:
DEMENTIA; COGNITIVE TESTS; ADJUSTMENT; NART; MMSE; RISK FACTORS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J. Lindeboom et al., "EFFECTS OF ADJUSTMENT ON THE CASE-FINDING POTENTIAL OF COGNITIVE TESTS", Journal of clinical epidemiology, 49(6), 1996, pp. 691-695

Abstract

Adjustment of a cognitive test for an expected level of performance improves the discrimination between brain diseased and healthy subjects. However, this improvement is subject to severe limitations and may be worthwhile only in clinical settings, where test results tend to be low regardless of disease status. The objective of this study was to provide an empirical demonstration of these principles, applied to the detection of dementia with the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). The subjects, derived from a population based sample, consisted of 36 cases of dementia (23 diagnosed shortly after testing and 13 at follow-up 1 year later) and 301 nondemented subjects defined by a negative follow up diagnosis. A simulated group of 179 clinically suspect normalswas obtained by selecting all cases with an MMSE score below 27. Adjustment was based on the Dutch version (DART) of the National Adult Reading Test (NART), which was highly correlated (0.53) with the MMSE score of nondemented subjects. The results were in accordance with the predictions. We conclude that adjustment is unlikely to improve case finding in representative samples, but can be profitable in clinical practice, where it will be especially helpful in ruling out cerebral disease.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 01:14:28