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Titolo:
SMOKING AND LUNG-FUNCTION IN ELDERLY MEN AND WOMEN - THE CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH STUDY
Autore:
HIGGINS MW; ENRIGHT PL; KRONMAL RA; SCHENKER MB; ANTONCULVER H; LYLES M;
Indirizzi:
NHLBI,FED BLDG,ROOM 2C08,7550 WISCONSIN AVE BETHESDA MD 20892 UNIV ARIZONA,CTR RESP SCI TUCSON AZ 85721 CARDIOVAS HLTH STUDY COORDINATING CTR SEATTLE WA 00000 UNIV CALIF IRVINE,CALIF COLL MED IRVINE CA 92717 UNIV CALIF DAVIS,DIV OCCUPAT & ENVIRONM MED DAVIS CA 95616 WAKE FOREST UNIV,BOWMAN GRAY SCH MED,DEPT GERIATR MED WINSTON SALEM NC 27103
Titolo Testata:
JAMA, the journal of the American Medical Association
fascicolo: 21, volume: 269, anno: 1993,
pagine: 2741 - 2748
SICI:
0098-7484(1993)269:21<2741:SALIEM>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FORCED EXPIRATORY VOLUME; PULMONARY-FUNCTION; ADULT-POPULATION; ONE 2ND; MORTALITY; DISEASE; RISK; PREDICTORS; TECUMSEH; CANCER;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M.W. Higgins et al., "SMOKING AND LUNG-FUNCTION IN ELDERLY MEN AND WOMEN - THE CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH STUDY", JAMA, the journal of the American Medical Association, 269(21), 1993, pp. 2741-2748

Abstract

Objective.-To investigate relationships between cigarette smoking andpulmonary function in elderly men and women. Design.-Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a prospective, population-based study of risk factors, preclinical, and overt cardiovascular and pulmonary disease. Setting.-Defined communities in Forsyth County, North Carolina;Pittsburgh, Pa; Sacramento County, California; and Washington County,Maryland. Population.-A total of 5201 noninstitutionalized men and women 65 years of age and older. Main Outcome Measures.-Pulmonary function; means of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity and prevalence of low FEV1 levels.Results.-Prevalence of cigarette smoking was 10% to 20% and higher in women than men and in blacks than whites. Forced vital capacity and FEV1 levels were related positively to height and white race and negatively to age and waist girth. Age- and height-adjusted FEV1 means were 23% and 18% lower in male and female current smokers, respectively, than in never smokers but not reduced in never smokers currently living with a smoker. Smokers who quit before age 40 years had FEV1 levels similar to never smokers, but FEV1 levels were lower by 7% and 14% in smokers who quit at ages 40 to 60 years and older than 60 years, respectively. Lung function wasrelated inversely to pack-years of cigarette use. Prevalence rates ofimpaired lung function were highest in current smokers and lowest in never smokers. Regression coefficients for the smoking variables were smaller in persons without cardiovascular or respiratory conditions than in the total cohort. Conclusions.-Cigarette smoking is associated with reduced pulmonary function in elderly men and women. However, smokers who quit, even after age 60 years, have better pulmonary function than continuing smokers.

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Documento generato il 25/11/20 alle ore 18:25:25