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Titolo:
VISION CARE REQUIREMENTS AMONG INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED ADULTS - A RESIDENCE-BASED PILOT-STUDY
Autore:
MCCULLOCH DL; SLUDDEN PA; MCKEOWN K; KERR A;
Indirizzi:
GLASGOW CALEDONIAN UNIV,DEPT VIS SCI,COWCADDENS RD GLASGOW G4 0BA LANARK SCOTLAND ROYAL HOSP SICK CHILDREN,DEPT CHILD HLTH GLASGOW G3 8SJ LANARK SCOTLAND
Titolo Testata:
JIDR. Journal of intellectual disability research
, volume: 40, anno: 1996,
parte:, 2
pagine: 140 - 150
SICI:
0964-2633(1996)40:<140:VCRAID>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MENTAL-RETARDATION; CHILDREN; INFANTS;
Keywords:
INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY; MENTAL RETARDATION; VISUAL ACUITY; VISION CARE; VISUAL DEFICITS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.L. Mcculloch et al., "VISION CARE REQUIREMENTS AMONG INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED ADULTS - A RESIDENCE-BASED PILOT-STUDY", JIDR. Journal of intellectual disability research, 40, 1996, pp. 140-150

Abstract

Intellectually disabled adults have an high incidence of visual problems and they are often unable to communicate their visual difficulties. At Lennox Castle and Waverley Park Hospitals, vision care is throughreferral by medical and nursing staff to designated optometrists and ophthalmologists. This practice has provided a good service when visual difficulties are noticed. The vision care requirements of all residents had not been comprehensively assessed and a new interdisciplinary procedure developed at Waverley Park Hospital had drawn attention to the fact that only 11% had been offered vision assessment within the previous 5 years. In this study, 63 residents without specific referral received a comprehensive visual and medical assessment. The residents ranged from age 20 to 85 years and included the full range of disabilities. Objective assessments, ophthalmoscopy and retinoscopy were generally successful for all levels of disability. Visual acuity and visualfields were tested using methods suitable for nonverbal subjects. Success rates for these subjects were generally good, except in the profoundly disabled group where less than 30% were able to respond. A high prevalence of visual impairment, refractive error, squint and other ocular conditions was found. Visual impairment was most common in the severe and profoundly disabled groups because of optic nerve or corticaldysfunction. New spectacles were recommended for 23 residents (seven others had adequate correction). Nine residents were referred for ophthalmologic consultation, mainly for cataract. Three required monitoring for visual conditions. Thirty-one residents (49%) required no immediate action beyond documentation of the visual status. This study has shown a high prevalence of visual difficulties which were not previously detected. Routine biennial vision assessment of all residents is recommended to allow timely intervention to correct vision problems, and also to provide the necessary information about vision to plan appropriate programmes of activity.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/10/20 alle ore 10:58:07