Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
THE PERCEIVING BRAIN - TURINGS MACHINE OR DARWINS MACHINE - WHOSE BRAIN
Autore:
SHAPIRO Y;
Indirizzi:
2136 NE 15TH ST,APT 4 PORTLAND OR 97212
Titolo Testata:
Theory & psychology
fascicolo: 2, volume: 6, anno: 1996,
pagine: 195 - 228
SICI:
0959-3543(1996)6:2<195:TPB-TM>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ADULT MONKEYS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
42
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
Y. Shapiro, "THE PERCEIVING BRAIN - TURINGS MACHINE OR DARWINS MACHINE - WHOSE BRAIN", Theory & psychology, 6(2), 1996, pp. 195-228

Abstract

According to the standard model of perception, the brain is a Turing Machine; its software matches 'mental representations' of the outside world with its reflections on the retina. According to more recent computational models, the brain computes retinal images; 'mental representations' are superfluous. According to the new biological theory of perception (Calvin, 1989; Edelman, 1989, 1992), the brain needs neither 'mental representations' nor retinal images; it is a different digitalcomputer, or Darwin Machine, which unconsciously perceives objects asthey are -three-dimensional, colored and moving-because during the process of ontogenesis neuronal populations are selected by the environment to respond to the lines of different orientation, movement and color, and thereafter continue to do so habitually. The destructive part of this paper traces theoretical foundations of computational models of perception and demonstrates why they cannot explain human perception. The constructive part sketches a theory of human perception which utilizes the ontogenetic selection to explain recognition as the multimodal perception and only form of consciousness common to the mammalian brain. Contrary to common opinion, recognition is fully accounted forby the brain's analogues of gestalts; what needs to be explained is howthe human brain shifts to unimodal perception and then to perceiving a single aspect/feature.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 10/07/20 alle ore 00:15:13