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Titolo:
CONTACT TOXICITY OF PERMETHRIN-IMPREGNATED MILITARY UNIFORMS TO CULEX-PIPIENS (DIPTERA, CULICIDAE) AND PHLEBOTOMUS-PAPATASI (DIPTERA, PSYCHODIDAE) - EFFECTS OF LAUNDERING AND TIME OF EXPOSURE
Autore:
FRYAUFF DJ; SHOUKRY MA; HANAFI HA; CHOI YM; KAMEL KE; SCHRECK CE;
Indirizzi:
NAVMEDRSCHU THREE,RES PUBL BRANCH,CODE 101F,PSC 452,BOX 5000 FPO AE 09835 USN,MED RES UNIT 3,MED ZOOL BRANCH FPO AE 09835 AIN SHAMS UNIV,FAC SCI,DEPT ENTOMOL CAIRO 11566 EGYPT USN,MED RES UNIT 2,DEPT TROP MED APO AP 96520 HLTH DEV INT AL KHOBAR 31952 SAUDI ARABIA USDA ARS,MED & VET ENTOMOL RES LAB GAINESVILLE FL 32604
Titolo Testata:
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
fascicolo: 1, volume: 12, anno: 1996,
pagine: 84 - 90
SICI:
8756-971X(1996)12:1<84:CTOPMU>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
OPERATION DESERT-STORM; PERSONAL PROTECTION; PRESSURIZED SPRAYS; CLOTHING TREATMENT; IXODIDAE; ACARI; DEET;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
19
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.J. Fryauff et al., "CONTACT TOXICITY OF PERMETHRIN-IMPREGNATED MILITARY UNIFORMS TO CULEX-PIPIENS (DIPTERA, CULICIDAE) AND PHLEBOTOMUS-PAPATASI (DIPTERA, PSYCHODIDAE) - EFFECTS OF LAUNDERING AND TIME OF EXPOSURE", Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 12(1), 1996, pp. 84-90

Abstract

The effects of laundering and time of exposure on the insecticidal activity of military uniform fabric impregnated with permethrin at 0.125mg active ingredient (AI)/cm(2) are reported from susceptibility tests with laboratory-reared mosquitoes, Cuter pipiens, and sand flies, Phlebotomus papa tasi. Knockdown/mortality resulting from exposure of groups of female insects for periods of 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10 min was recorded and compared among 5 different treatment/wash groups (untreated/unwashed, treated/unwashed, treated/1-wash, treated/2-wash, treated/3-wash). Laundering was by machine washing with detergent and warm water followed by hot-air machine drying. Post-exposure assessments at intervals from 0 to 60 min and at 24 h showed that knockdown for each exposure time and wash group was initially low but increased steadily duringthe first hour post-exposure. Sand flies were less sensitive than mosquitoes to knockdown during the first 60 min after contact with treated/unwashed fabric; however, 24-h mortality rates for sand flies were higher as compared with mosquitoes. The permethrin remaining after a 3rd wash had little knockdown effect on mosquitoes but was toxic to sandflies at each of the 5 exposure times. Significant reductions in the knockdown effectiveness of permethrin-treated fabric to mosquitoes andsand flies was associated with single and repeated washings of the fabric.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/04/20 alle ore 10:45:07