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Titolo:
PROS AND CONS OF VEGETARIANISM
Autore:
SCHOCH G; KAISER B; KERSTING M;
Indirizzi:
FORSCHUNGSINST KINDERERNAHRUNG,HEINSTUCK 11 D-44225 DORTMUND GERMANY
Titolo Testata:
Monatsschrift fur Kinderheilkunde
fascicolo: 3, volume: 144, anno: 1996,
pagine: 232 - 238
SICI:
0026-9298(1996)144:3<232:PACOV>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
OPTIMIZED MIXED DIET; PREVENTIVE NUTRITION; BERLIN VEGETARIANS; CHILDREN; VITAMIN-B12; RISK; CONSEQUENCES; ADOLESCENTS; DEFICIENCY; ADVENTISTS;
Keywords:
VEGETARIANS; LACTO-VEGETARIANS; VEGANS; MACROBIOTICS; INFANTS; CHILDREN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
61
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
G. Schoch et al., "PROS AND CONS OF VEGETARIANISM", Monatsschrift fur Kinderheilkunde, 144(3), 1996, pp. 232-238

Abstract

Vegetarianism is often chosen for ideological reasons. This has to betaken into consideration during nutritional counseling. The assessment of the pros and cons of vegetarianism largely depends on the degree of vegetarianism; the consideration of disadvantages is especially important for children and even more for infants. A vegetarian diet is essentially a meatless diet (lacto-vegetarian diet) leaving out the bestsource of iron. Compensation can be achieved by a combination of ironrich vegetable foodstuffs (e.g. whole grain cereals) and vitamin C rich foodstuffs. In contrast to common affluent western diets, a lacto-vegetarian diet usually contains less saturated fatty acids, cholesterol and purine compounds, more complex carbohydrates and fiber, and lessenergy, and therefore counteracts nutrition related diseases caused by civilization. If in addition also milk and dairy products are excluded from the diet, the most important source of calcium is excluded as well. A full compensation by vegetable foodstuffs, however, is not possible, but perhaps not even necessary, since renal calcium losses significantly decrease with lowering protein in take and especially if animal protein with high content of sulfuric amino acids (meat) is avoided. When living exclusively or almost exclusively on vegetable foodstuffs (vegans, macrobiotics), then further nutrients become critical, especially vitamin B-12, vitamin D and riboflavin. In young children, also the energy and protein supply are often critical as has been shown in extensive studies in macrobiotics. Especially at risk are breast-fedinfants of mothers who have been strict vegetarians for a long time (vitamin B-12, D). A diet that offers all known advantages of a balanced lacto-vegetarian diet and at the same time minimizes the problem of iron supply, is the so-called ''optimized mixed diet'' recommended by the Research Institute of Child Nutrition as preventive diet for all age groups; this diet comprises generous amounts of vegetable foodstuffs, modest amounts of animal products and small amounts of fat.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 10/07/20 alle ore 16:01:54