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Titolo:
BREATH-HOLD ULTRAFAST 3-DIMENSIONAL GADOLINIUM-ENHANCED MR-ANGIOGRAPHY OF THE AORTA AND THE RENAL AND OTHER VISCERAL ABDOMINAL ARTERIES
Autore:
HOLLAND GA; DOUGHERTY L; CARPENTER JP; GOLDEN MA; GILFEATHER M; SLOSSMAN F; SCHNALL MD;
Indirizzi:
HOSP UNIV PENN,DEPT RADIOL,3400 SPRUCE ST,1 SILVERSTEIN BLDG PHILADELPHIA PA 19104 HOSP UNIV PENN,DEPT SURG PHILADELPHIA PA 19104
Titolo Testata:
American journal of roentgenology
fascicolo: 4, volume: 166, anno: 1996,
pagine: 971 - 981
SICI:
0361-803X(1996)166:4<971:BU3GM>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SPIRAL CT ANGIOGRAPHY; CONTRAST-MEDIA; INDOCYANINE GREEN; CIRCULATION TIME;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
G.A. Holland et al., "BREATH-HOLD ULTRAFAST 3-DIMENSIONAL GADOLINIUM-ENHANCED MR-ANGIOGRAPHY OF THE AORTA AND THE RENAL AND OTHER VISCERAL ABDOMINAL ARTERIES", American journal of roentgenology, 166(4), 1996, pp. 971-981

Abstract

OBJECTIVES. The objectives of this study were to develop and show theefficacy of a breath-hold ultrafast three-dimensional (3D) spoiled gradient-echo (SPGR) gadolinium-enhanced MR angiographic technique for imaging the aorta and the renal and other visceral arteries of the abdomen; and to compare breath-hold ultrafast 3D SPGR with two-dimensional(2D) time-of-flight (TOF) and non-breath-hold ultrafast 3D SPGR in the same patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. We prospectively studied the abdominal aorta and the renal and other visceral arteries 68 times in 63consecutive patients with 2D TOF and ultrafast 3D SPGR MR angiography. Thirty-two patients had contrast angiography (n = 23) and/or surgery(n = 24) to serve as a gold standard, AII MR imaging studies were performed on a 1.5-T scanner (General Electric Medical Systems, Milwaukee, WI) using an enhanced gradient system with maximum gradient strengthof 2.3 gauss/cm reached in 150 microseconds. Axial 2D TOF parameters were: TR/TE, 33/5.5 msec; flip angle, 45 degrees; slice thickness, 2 mm; and no presaturation pulses. Coronal ultrafast 3D SPGR was performed before and after the IV administration of 40-60 cc of gadolinium. For the coronal ultrafast 3D SPGR, our parameters were: TR/TE, 4.8-7/1.1; flip angle, 60 degrees; 28-50 slices of 2.0-2.6 mm thickness; and acquisition time, 18-32 sec. Studies were read by two radiologists in a blinded fashion and were evaluated for the degree of stenosis in the renal, celiac, superior mesenteric, and inferior mesenteric arteries; any vascular anomalies (i.e., retroaortic renal veins acid accessory renal or variant hepatic arteries) were noted. RESULTS. Breath-hold ultrafast 3D SPGR correctly identified 31 of 31 stenoses of the renal artery for a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 100%. Two-dimensional TOF detected 23 of 31 renal artery stenoses for a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 74%, 98%, and 87% respectively. Breath-hold ultrafast 3D SPGR underestimated two renal arteries as having severe osteal stenoses that were graded correctly by 2D TOF and by angiography as occlusions. Eight of nine (89%) accessory renal arteries were correctly identified with breath-hold ultrafast 3D SPGR. Two-dimensional TOF identified six of nine (67%). Breath-hold ultrafast 3D SPGR identified one accessory and two reconstituted renal arteries missed by 2D TOFand conventional contrast angiography that were confirmed at surgery. Ultrafast 3D SPGR and 2D TOF correctly identified 20 of 20 celiac, superior mesenteric, and inferior mesenteric artery osteal stenoses or occlusions for a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 100%. Three Riolan's arcs were correctly identified by breath-hold 3D SPGR but were missed by 2D TOF Forty of the 63 patients did not have conventional contrast angiography and were managed surgically (n = 9) or medically (n = 31) based on the results of the MR angiograms and clinical data. Breath-hold ultrafast 3D SPGR MR angiography correctly identified and graded 48 of 51 renal, celiac, superior mesenteric, and inferior mesenteric artery stenoses or occlusions. Two-dimensional TOF MR angiography correctly identified and graded 45 of 51 renal, celiac, superior mesenteric, and inferior mesenteric artery stenoses and occlusions. CONCLUSION. Breath-hold ultrafast 3D SPGR when combined with 2D TOF accurately identified and graded all (51 of 51) renal, celiac, superior mesenteric, and inferior mesenteric artery stenoses or occlusions.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/10/20 alle ore 12:45:04