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Titolo:
A COMPUTER-BASED FLOWCHARTING SYSTEM FOR CLINICAL PROTOCOLS
Autore:
TODD BS; LEDGER WL;
Indirizzi:
UNIV OXFORD,COMP LAB,PROGRAMMING RES GRP,WOLFSON BLDG,PARKS RD OXFORDOX1 3QD ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
MDedecine et informatique
fascicolo: 3, volume: 20, anno: 1995,
pagine: 177 - 198
SICI:
0307-7640(1995)20:3<177:ACFSFC>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MEDICAL-PRACTICE GUIDELINES; ALGORITHMS; EMERGENCY; ACCIDENT; MANAGEMENT; PROSE;
Keywords:
FLOWCHART; CLINICAL ALGORITHM; FORMAL SPECIFICATION; VERIFICATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
52
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
B.S. Todd e W.L. Ledger, "A COMPUTER-BASED FLOWCHARTING SYSTEM FOR CLINICAL PROTOCOLS", MDedecine et informatique, 20(3), 1995, pp. 177-198

Abstract

In medicine, scientific and technological developments for investigation and treatment are proceeding al an ever increasing rate. Protocolsfor patient management are becoming ever more complicated. Rational design and scientific evaluation of protocols requires precise documentation. We propose a notation based on a series of simple flowcharts which describe procedures in increasing derail. Each step in a flowchartis justified by a reasoned argument, possibly including reference to published articles. General correctness requirements of a protocol include, for example, conformity with known indications and contraindications for investigations and treatments. These correctness requirementscan be specified declaratively in mathematical logic and justified byreasoned argument. This makes the correspondence between a protocol and its scientific foundation even more explicit. Flowcharts of this nature are more easily created and modified using a personal computer. Furthermore, use of the computer enables a protocol to be checked automatically against its specification for more rapid identification of errors during development and maintenance of the protocol. We present the structured design of our flowcharting system in the 'Z' specification language, and we examine the practicality of our approach by means of a case study: the management of infertility. Our flowcharting systemmay also have application outside medicine where it is necessary to describe formal protocols for complex procedures.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 12:53:52