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Titolo:
THE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION ON LABORATORY-INDUCED PANIC AND STATE ANXIETY
Autore:
KUSHNER MG; MACKENZIE TB; FISZDON J; VALENTINER DP; FOA E; ANDERSON N; WANGENSTEEN D;
Indirizzi:
UNIV MINNESOTA,DEPT PSYCHIAT,BOX 393,MAYO MEM BLDG,420 DELAWARE ST SEMINNEAPOLIS MN 55455 UNIV MINNESOTA,DEPT PSYCHOL MINNEAPOLIS MN 55455 UNIV MINNESOTA,DEPT PHYSIOL MINNEAPOLIS MN 55455 UNIV MINNESOTA MINNEAPOLIS MN 55455 VANDERBILT UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL & HUMAN DEV NASHVILLE TN 00000 MED COLL PENN,DEPT PSYCHIAT PHILADELPHIA PA 19129
Titolo Testata:
Archives of general psychiatry
fascicolo: 3, volume: 53, anno: 1996,
pagine: 264 - 270
SICI:
0003-990X(1996)53:3<264:TEOAOL>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DOUBLE-BLIND; DISORDER; DEPENDENCE; ABUSE; HYPERVENTILATION; DEPRESSION; PLACEBO; STRESS; SEX;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
49
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M.G. Kushner et al., "THE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION ON LABORATORY-INDUCED PANIC AND STATE ANXIETY", Archives of general psychiatry, 53(3), 1996, pp. 264-270

Abstract

Background: This study tested whether alcohol consumption reduces anxiety and panic associated with a panic-challenge procedure. Methods: Subjects with panic disorder were randomly assigned to consume either amoderate dose of alcohol or a nonalcoholic placebo. All subjects weretold that they were drinking alcohol to control beverage expectancies. Following the beverage administration, subjects underwent a panic challenge (35% carbon dioxide) and a series of anxiety symptom assessments. Results: Subjects who consumed alcohol reported significantly lessstate anxiety both before and after the challenge. In response to thechallenge, subjects who consumed alcohol experienced significantly fewer panic attacks when applying liberal panic criteria; however, this effect only approached significance when applying conservative panic criteria. Conclusions: These findings suggest that alcohol acts acutelyto reduce both panic and the anxiety surrounding panic, and they lendsupport to the view that drinking behavior among those with panic disorder is reinforced by this effect. We suggest that this process may contribute to the high rate at which alcohol-use disorders co-occur with panic disorder.

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Documento generato il 09/08/20 alle ore 23:33:59