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Titolo:
BASE-LINE DIETARY-INTAKE AND PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY OF JAPANESE-AMERICAN MEN IN RELATION TO GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE AT 5-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
Autore:
LEONETTI DL; TSUNEHARA CH; WAHL PW; FUJIMOTO WY;
Indirizzi:
UNIV WASHINGTON,DEPT ANTHROPOL,POB 353100 SEATTLE WA 98195 UNIV WASHINGTON,DEPT MED,DIV METAB ENDOCRINOL & NUTR SEATTLE WA 98195 UNIV WASHINGTON,DEPT BIOSTAT SEATTLE WA 98195
Titolo Testata:
American journal of human biology
fascicolo: 1, volume: 8, anno: 1996,
pagine: 55 - 67
SICI:
1042-0533(1996)8:1<55:BDAPOJ>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INSULIN RESISTANCE; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; DIABETES-MELLITUS; FAT DISTRIBUTION; LEISURE-TIME; ACID INTAKE; RATS; CARBOHYDRATE; EXERCISE; OBESITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
62
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.L. Leonetti et al., "BASE-LINE DIETARY-INTAKE AND PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY OF JAPANESE-AMERICAN MEN IN RELATION TO GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE AT 5-YEAR FOLLOW-UP", American journal of human biology, 8(1), 1996, pp. 55-67

Abstract

Japanese American men (n = 124), with normal glucose tolerance (NGT, n = 69) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT, n = 55) at baseline, were studied for effects of baseline dietary intake and physical activity on glucose tolerance at baseline and at 5-year follow-up. At baseline, both NGT and IGT men with positive family history of diabetes (FH) showed high intakes of animal fat and protein, but only the NGT men countered this with high levels of energy expenditure. In the total sample at 5-year follow-up, 2-hour plasma glucose was significantly related to intake of animal fat (AF), partial correlation r = 0.32, P < 0.001, adjusted for total energy intake, age, self-reported health, body massindex, FH, and baseline glucose tolerance category. Energy expenditure (EE) was not related to 5-year 2-hour plasma glucose in the total sample, but displayed a relationship with 5-year 2-hour plasma glucose in those IGT (r = -0.27, P < 0.05), but not in those NGT at baseline, and in those with positive FH (r = -0.33, P < 0.05), but not in those with negative FH. Additionally, AF showed a relationship to 5-year 2-hour plasma glucose only for those in the lowest (r = 0.37, P < 0.05) and middle (r = 0.33, P < 0.05) tertiles, but not in the highest tertileof EE. For baseline IGT men, 5-year 2-hour plasma glucose was relatedto ''high vs. low risk'' categories of AF intake and EE, but only in men with a positive FH (AF greater than or equal to 25 vs. < 25 g/day:180.1 +/- 38.6 vs. 143.6 +/- 39.7 mg/dl, P = 0.048; EE less than or equal to 2,000 kcal/week vs. > 2,000 kcal/week, 189.9 +/- 39.2 vs. 150.8 +/- 37.4 mg/dl, P = 0.028; with risk categories combined, i.e., bothhigh, mixed, both low: 192.0 +/- 41.3, 165.4 +/- 28.4, 139.4 +/- 40.9mg/dl, P = 0.045, linear trend, P = 0.014). Thus, high AF intake and low EE may have long-range detrimental effects on glucose tolerance, especially for those with IGT and positive FH. (C) 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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Documento generato il 05/12/20 alle ore 10:40:39