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Titolo:
HERITABILITY OF HUMAN BRAIN FUNCTIONING AS ASSESSED BY ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY
Autore:
VANBEIJSTERVELDT CEM; MOLENAAR PCM; DEGEUS EJC; BOOMSMA DI;
Indirizzi:
FREE UNIV AMSTERDAM,DEPT PSYCHOPHYSIOL,BOELELAAN 1111 1081 HV AMSTERDAM NETHERLANDS UNIV AMSTERDAM,DEPT PSYCHOL AMSTERDAM NETHERLANDS
Titolo Testata:
American journal of human genetics
fascicolo: 3, volume: 58, anno: 1996,
pagine: 562 - 573
SICI:
0002-9297(1996)58:3<562:HOHBFA>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TEST-RETEST RELIABILITY; EEG; AMPLITUDE; LISREL; TWINS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
45
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
C.E.M. Vanbeijsterveldt et al., "HERITABILITY OF HUMAN BRAIN FUNCTIONING AS ASSESSED BY ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY", American journal of human genetics, 58(3), 1996, pp. 562-573

Abstract

To study the genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in CNS functioning, the electroencephalogram (EEG) was measured in 213 twin pairs age 16 years. EEG was measured in 91 MZ and 122 DZ twins. To quantify sex differences in the genetic architecture, EEGwas measured in female and male same-sex twins and in opposite-sex twins. EEG was recorded on 14 scalp positions during quiet resting with eyes closed. Spectral powers were calculated for four frequency bands:delta, theta, alpha, and beta, Twin correlations pointed toward high genetic influences for all these powers and scalp locations. Model fitting confirmed these findings; the largest part of the variance of theEEG is explained by additive genetic factors. The averaged heritabilities for the delta, theta, alpha, and beta frequencies was 76%, 89%, 83%, and 86%, respectively. Multivariate analyses suggested that the same genes for EEG alpha rhythm were expressed in different brain areas in the left and right hemisphere. This study shows that brain functioning, as indexed by rhythmic brain-electrical activity, is one of the most heritable characteristics in humans.

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Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 22:08:18