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Titolo:
IRREVERSIBILITY IN THERMODYNAMICS
Autore:
ZAK M;
Indirizzi:
CALTECH,JET PROP LAB,4800 OAK GROVE DR PASADENA CA 91109
Titolo Testata:
International journal of theoretical physics
fascicolo: 2, volume: 35, anno: 1996,
pagine: 347 - 382
SICI:
0020-7748(1996)35:2<347:IIT>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
11
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M. Zak, "IRREVERSIBILITY IN THERMODYNAMICS", International journal of theoretical physics, 35(2), 1996, pp. 347-382

Abstract

The problem of irreversibility in thermodynamics is revisited and analyzed on the microscopic, stochastic, and macroscopic levels of description. It is demonstrated that Newtonian dynamics can be represented in the Reynolds form when each dynamical variable is decomposed into mean and fluctuation components. Additional equations coupling fluctuations and the mean values follow from the stabilization principle. The main idea of this principle is that the fluctuations must be selected from the condition that they suppress the original instability down to a neutral stability. Supplemented by the stabilization principle, the Hamiltonian or Lagrangian formalisms can describe the transition from fully reversible to irreversible motions as a result of the decomposition of chaotic motions (which are very likely to occur in many-body problems) into regular (macroscopic) motions and fluctuations. On the stochastic level of description, a new phenomenological force with non-Lipschitz properties is introduced. This force, as a resultant of a large number of collisions of a selected particle with other particles, has characteristics which are uniquely defined by the thermodynamic parameters of the process under consideration, and it represents a part of the mathematical formalism describing a random-walk-like process without invoking any probabilistic arguments. Additional non-Lipschitz thermodynamic forces are incorporated into macroscopic models of transport phenomena in order to introduce a time scale. These forces are effective only within a small domain around equilibria. Without causing any changes in other domains, they are responsible for the finite time of approaching equilibria. Such a property is very important for the interpretation of irreversibility on the macroscopic scale.

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Documento generato il 15/07/20 alle ore 05:11:29