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Titolo:
A CANINE-DISTEMPER VIRUS EPIDEMIC IN SERENGETI LIONS (PANTHERA LEO)
Autore:
ROELKEPARKER ME; MUNSON L; PACKER C; KOCK R; CLEAVELAND S; CARPENTER M; OBRIEN SJ; POSPISCHIL A; HOFMANNLEHMANN R; LUTZ H; MWAMENGELE GLM; MGASA MN; MACHANGE GA; SUMMERS BA; APPEL MJG;
Indirizzi:
UNIV TENNESSEE,COLL VET MED,DEPT PATHOL KNOXVILLE TN 37901 UNIV TENNESSEE,COLL VET MED,DEPT PATHOL KNOXVILLE TN 37901 SERENGETI WILDLIFE RES INST,TANZANIA NATL PARKS ARUSHA TANZANIA MESSERLI FDN ZURICH SWITZERLAND UNIV MINNESOTA,DEPT ECOL EVOLUT & BEHAV ST PAUL MN 55108 KENYA WILDLIFE SERV NAIROBI KENYA INST ZOOL LONDON NW1 4RY ENGLAND UNIV LONDON LONDON SCH HYG & TROP MED LONDON WC1E 7HT ENGLAND NCI,VIRAL CARCINOGENESIS LAB FREDERICK MD 21702 UNIV ZURICH,INST VET PATHOL CH-8057 ZURICH SWITZERLAND UNIV ZURICH,DEPT VET INTERNAL MED CH-8057 ZURICH SWITZERLAND SOKOINE UNIV AGR,DEPT VET PATHOL MOROGORO TANZANIA VET INVEST CTR ARUSHA TANZANIA CORNELL UNIV,COLL VET MED,DEPT PATHOL ITHACA NY 14853 CORNELL UNIV,COLL VET MED,JAMES A BAKER INST ANIM HLTH ITHACA NY 14853
Titolo Testata:
Nature
fascicolo: 6564, volume: 379, anno: 1996,
pagine: 441 - 445
SICI:
0028-0836(1996)379:6564<441:ACVEIS>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M.E. Roelkeparker et al., "A CANINE-DISTEMPER VIRUS EPIDEMIC IN SERENGETI LIONS (PANTHERA LEO)", Nature, 379(6564), 1996, pp. 441-445

Abstract

CANINE distemper virus (CDV) is thought to have caused several fatal epidemics in canids within the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem of East Africa, affecting silver-backedjackals (Canis mesomelas) and bat-cared foxes(Otocyon megalotis) in 1978 (ref. 1), and African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in 1991 (refs 2, 3). The large, closely monitored Serengeti lion population(4,5) was not affected in these epidemics. However, an epidemic caused by a morbillivirus closely related to CDV emerged abruptly in the lion population of the Serengeti National Pack, Tanzania, in early 1994, resulting in fatal neurological disease characterized by grand mal seizures and myoclonus; the lions that died had encephalitis and pneumonia. Here we report the identification of CDV from these lions, and the close phylogenetic relationship between CDV isolates from lions and domestic dogs. By August 1994, 85% of the Serengeti lion population had anti-CDV antibodies, and the epidemic spread north to lions in the Maasai Mara National reserve, Kenya, and uncounted hyaenas, bat-eared foxes, and leopards were also affected.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/03/20 alle ore 10:17:06