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Titolo:
VASCULAR ANATOMY OF THE GALEAL OCCIPITALIS FLAP - A CADAVER STUDY
Autore:
SHARMA RK; KOBAYASHI K; JACKSON IT; CARLS FR;
Indirizzi:
INST CRANIOFACIAL & RECONSTRUCT SURG,FISHER CTR,16001 W 9 MILE RD,3RDFLOOR SOUTHFIELD MI 48075 INST CRANIOFACIAL & RECONSTRUCT SURG,FISHER CTR SOUTHFIELD MI 48075 NAGASAKI UNIV,DEPT PLAST & RECONSTRUCT SURG NAGASAKI 852 JAPAN
Titolo Testata:
Plastic and reconstructive surgery
fascicolo: 1, volume: 97, anno: 1996,
pagine: 25 - 31
SICI:
0032-1052(1996)97:1<25:VAOTGO>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EAR RECONSTRUCTION; PERICRANIAL FLAPS; FASCIAL FLAP; SCALP; TISSUE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
21
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.K. Sharma et al., "VASCULAR ANATOMY OF THE GALEAL OCCIPITALIS FLAP - A CADAVER STUDY", Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 97(1), 1996, pp. 25-31

Abstract

The vascular anatomy of the galeal occipitalis flap was studied in 10fresh cadavers by an intraarterial dye injection technique. The scalpflap was based posteriorly, incorporating both the occipital and posterior auricular arteries. A good transmidline anastomosis was demonstrated between the two occipital arteries in the full-thickness scalp flap. However, in the isolated galeal flap, although the axial distribution of the occipital artery was maintained, fewer transmidline connections were seen between the two occipital arteries. The posterior auricular artery was consistently visualized in all dissections, and it showed good connections with the ipsilateral occipital artery. However, there were very few anastomoses between the two posterior auricular arteries across the midline. The rich anastomotic network between the occipital artery and the posterior auricular artery extended well beyond the vertex. This study showed that a large flap can be raised if both the occipital artery and the posterior auricular artery are included in its base. The occipital artery is a vessel of satisfactory size and is potentially a good vascular source for a thin galeal free flap. It is recommended that the flap be raised at the subperiosteal level for ease of dissection and protection of the vessels, which are initially in the subgaleal plane and then arborize in the galea.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/09/20 alle ore 03:56:57