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Titolo:
ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUG BEHAVIORAL SIDE-EFFECTS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH MENTAL-RETARDATION AND THE USE OF BEHAVIORAL MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES
Autore:
KALACHNIK JE; HANZEL TE; HARDER SR; BAUERNFEIND JD; ENGSTROM EA;
Indirizzi:
MINNESOTA DEPT HUMAN SERV,444 LAFAYETTE RD ST PAUL MN 55155 FARIBAULT REG CTR FARIBAULT MN 55021
Titolo Testata:
MENTAL RETARDATION
fascicolo: 6, volume: 33, anno: 1995,
pagine: 374 - 382
SICI:
0047-6765(1995)33:6<374:ADBSII>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COMMUNITY RESIDENTIAL FACILITIES; PHENOBARBITAL EXACERBATION; RETARDED PERSONS; EPILEPSY; CARBAMAZEPINE; INSTITUTIONS; THERAPY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J.E. Kalachnik et al., "ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUG BEHAVIORAL SIDE-EFFECTS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH MENTAL-RETARDATION AND THE USE OF BEHAVIORAL MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES", MENTAL RETA, 33(6), 1995, pp. 374-382

Abstract

Measurement methods from behavioral psychology were used to assess antiepileptic drug behavioral side effects in 5 individuals with mental retardation. When the suspected antiepileptic drug was altered, an 81%reduction of maladaptive behaviors occurred. Quality of life outcomesincluded successful community placement and termination of an aversive intervention procedure. Three cases demonstrated antiepileptic drug exacerbation of disruptive vocalizations, agitation, self-injurious behavior, and property destruction; 2 demonstrated improved aggression, but illustrated a common clinical problem. When seizure control must be maintained and a suspected antiepileptic drug cannot be reduced before a second antiepileptic drug with potential psychotropic properties is initiated, it was not possible to absolutely conclude that the first antiepileptic drug was responsible for the behavior problem. Overall, these measurement methods were instrumental in the systematic clinical evaluation of antiepileptic drug behavioral side effects in individuals unable to verbally communicate the presence of these side effects.

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Documento generato il 25/09/20 alle ore 13:10:54