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Titolo:
ARE NON-ALLERGENIC ENVIRONMENTAL-FACTORS IMPORTANT IN ASTHMA
Autore:
ABRAMSON MJ; MARKS GB; PATTEMORE PK;
Indirizzi:
MONASH UNIV,ALFRED HOSP,MONASH MED SCH,DEPT SOCIAL & PREVENT MED PRAHRAN VIC 3181 AUSTRALIA UNIV NEW S WALES,DEPT MED SYDNEY NSW AUSTRALIA CHRISTCHURCH SCH MED,DEPT PAEDIAT CHRISTCHURCH NEW ZEALAND
Titolo Testata:
Medical journal of Australia
fascicolo: 10, volume: 163, anno: 1995,
pagine: 542 - 545
SICI:
0025-729X(1995)163:10<542:ANEIIA>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS; PARENTAL SMOKING; PASSIVE SMOKING; BRONCHIAL RESPONSIVENESS; AIRWAY RESPONSIVENESS; CHILDHOOD ASTHMA; MATERNAL SMOKING; CHILDREN; OZONE; POLLUTION;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
47
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M.J. Abramson et al., "ARE NON-ALLERGENIC ENVIRONMENTAL-FACTORS IMPORTANT IN ASTHMA", Medical journal of Australia, 163(10), 1995, pp. 542-545

Abstract

Objective: To review the roles of viral respiratory tract infections,environmental tobacco smoke and air pollution in asthma. Data sources: MEDLINE (1992-1995) searches were conducted for publications on asthma environmental tobacco smoke, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and particulates. Study selection: Representative original experimental and epidemiological studies and reviews of viral infections in asthma. Data synthesis: Respiratory virus infections are the most common and important trigger of asthma attacks in children and probably also in adults. Theirrole in promoting development of asthma is not so clear. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is almost certainly responsible for some cases of childhood asthma, and can also trigger symptoms of bronchoconstriction in adults with asthma. Exposure to ozone or nitrogen dioxide is associated with symptoms, impaired lung function, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and hospital presentations for asthma. These pollutants may also acta as cofactors in the development of allergen-specific bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Conclusions: Research on preventing upper respiratory viral infections may reduce asthma morbidity. The move to non-smoking workplaces is welcome, but new interventions are needed to subsequently exposing their children. The ambient air quality guideline for ozone should be revised and a health-based guideline for respirable particulates introduced.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/08/20 alle ore 14:55:09