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Titolo:
FLOW REGULATION, GEOMORPHOLOGY, AND COLORADO-RIVER MARSH DEVELOPMENT IN THE GRAND-CANYON, ARIZONA
Autore:
STEVENS LE; SCHMIDT JC; AYERS TJ; BROWN BT;
Indirizzi:
BUR RECLAMAT GLEN CANYON ENVIRONM STUDIES PROGRAM,POB 22459 FLAGSTAFFAZ 86002 NATL PK SERV GRAND CANYON AZ 86023 UTAH STATE UNIV,DEPT GEOG & EARTH RESOURCES LOGAN UT 84322 NO ARIZONA UNIV,DEPT BIOL SCI FLAGSTAFF AZ 86011 SWCA ENVIRONM CONSULTANTS INC SALT LAKE CITY UT 84101
Titolo Testata:
Ecological applications
fascicolo: 4, volume: 5, anno: 1995,
pagine: 1025 - 1039
SICI:
1051-0761(1995)5:4<1025:FRGACM>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RIPARIAN VEGETATION; RECIRCULATING FLOW; STANDING CROP; SEDIMENTATION; SUCCESSION; DYNAMICS; REGION;
Keywords:
COLORADO RIVER; FLUVIAL MARSHES; GEOMORPHOLOGY; GRAND CANYON; RESILIENCE; RIVER REGULATION; SPATIAL SCALE; WETLAND HABITAT MANAGEMENT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
71
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
L.E. Stevens et al., "FLOW REGULATION, GEOMORPHOLOGY, AND COLORADO-RIVER MARSH DEVELOPMENT IN THE GRAND-CANYON, ARIZONA", Ecological applications, 5(4), 1995, pp. 1025-1039

Abstract

New, productive fluvial marshes may develop along regulated canyon rivers through reduction in flood frequency, thereby increasing diversity, production, and wildlife habitat availability. Few fluvial marshes occurred along the eddy-dominated Colorado River in the Grand Canyon prior to construction of Glen Canyon Dam in 1963. Reduction of floodingafter 1963 permitted widespread marsh development. Fluvial marshes exhibited low stability but high resilience, quickly redeveloping after scouring by high flows between 1983 and 1986. In 1991, 253 fluvial wetmarshes (cattail/reed and horseweed/Bermuda-grass) and 850 dry marshes (horsetail/willow) occupied 25.0 ha (1%) of the 363 km mainstream riparian corridor between Lees Ferry and Diamond Creek, Arizona. Fluvialmarsh development and composition Varied in relation to local and reach-based geomorphology, and microsite gradients in inundation frequency and soil texture. Colorado River marsh density (number/km(2)) increased with distance downstream, and marshes were larger and more abundant in wide reaches. Wet marsh cattail/reed stands developed on silty loam soils in low velocity depositional environments that were inundated54% of the days from 1986 to 1991, whereas dry horsetail/willow marshes occupied less frequently inundated sites with sandy soils. Mean marsh standing mass (641 g C/m(2)) was comparable with values from regulated alluvial river marshes, but litter retention appeared limited by flow variability in both regulated and unregulated fluvial marshes. We discuss implications of flow management on the four marsh assemblages,and the need for consensus on priorities for management of regulated fluvial wetlands.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 09:16:19