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Titolo:
THE ROLE OF DIETARY FIBER IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND TREATMENT OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY
Autore:
KIMM SYS;
Indirizzi:
UNIV PITTSBURGH,SCH MED,DEPT FAMILY MED & CLIN EPIDEMIOL PITTSBURGH PA 15260
Titolo Testata:
Pediatrics
fascicolo: 5, volume: 96, anno: 1995, supplemento:, S
pagine: 1010 - 1014
SICI:
0031-4005(1995)96:5<1010:TRODFI>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY; UNITED-STATES; DOUBLE-BLIND; WEIGHT-REDUCTION; SECULAR TRENDS; ENERGY-INTAKE; BODY-MASS; CHILDREN; OVERWEIGHT; TELEVISION;
Keywords:
CHILDHOOD OBESITY; DIETARY FIBER; OBESITY TREATMENT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
51
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.Y.S. Kimm, "THE ROLE OF DIETARY FIBER IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND TREATMENT OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY", Pediatrics, 96(5), 1995, pp. 1010-1014

Abstract

Childhood obesity is viewed as a public health problem in the United States because of its assumed high prevalence and increasing secular trend. The best estimate of the genetic contribution to obesity ranges from 5% to 25%. Environmental factors play a major role in obesity development. Low income and a low level of education have been associatedwith obesity, particularly among white women. Caloric intake as a risk factor for obesity has not been clearly established. This lack of a clear-cut association may be attributable to the problem of accuratelymeasuring caloric intake. Several studies have linked increased totalfat intake, rather than caloric intake, with obesity. Some studies have linked television viewing to obesity in children. Obesity is rare among the populations of developing countries, where dietary fiber intake is high. Explanations for the role of dietary fiber in obesity include a reduced caloric density of the foods, a slower rate of food ingestion, and possible effects on satiety. Most studies on the role of fiber in the treatment of obesity have been somewhat limited by lack of comparison groups, inadequate sample sizes, and short durations of theobservations. However, although limited, the available evidence suggests that fiber potentially could play a useful role in weight reduction. For children, fiber administration should be considered as an adjuvant therapy rather than a primary modality, because fiber might aid inpromoting satiety during meals and curbing hunger between meals. Moreresearch is needed, however, to assess further the efficacy of high-fiber diets in the treatment of childhood obesity. For now, however, increasing dietary fiber as a part of a health-promoting dietary patternpresents an attractive public health possibility as a means for prevention of chronic diseases. Preventing childhood obesity could be a part of the health benefit resulting from a population-based recommendation for optimal fiber intake.

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Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 06:48:30