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Titolo:
NUTRITIONAL-EVALUATION OF SWEET LUPIN (LUPINUS-ANGUSTIFOLIUS) - NET PROTEIN-UTILIZATION (NPU), NITROGEN-BALANCE AND FRACTIONATION STUDIES
Autore:
RAHMAN MH; HOSSAIN I; MOSLEHUDDIN;
Indirizzi:
BANGLADESH AGR UNIV,DEPT PATHOL MYMENSINGH BANGLADESH
Titolo Testata:
British Journal of Nutrition
fascicolo: 3, volume: 77, anno: 1997,
pagine: 443 - 457
SICI:
0007-1145(1997)77:3<443:NOSL(->2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS LECTINS; TOXICITY; QUALITY; STARCH; SEEDS;
Keywords:
LUPINUS ANGUSTIFOLIUS; NUTRITIONAL EFFECTS; RATS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M.H. Rahman et al., "NUTRITIONAL-EVALUATION OF SWEET LUPIN (LUPINUS-ANGUSTIFOLIUS) - NET PROTEIN-UTILIZATION (NPU), NITROGEN-BALANCE AND FRACTIONATION STUDIES", British Journal of Nutrition, 77(3), 1997, pp. 443-457

Abstract

The effects of raw sweet lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) meal and its fractions on the growth and N utilization of rats were determined in two NPU and five N balance experiments. Sweet lupinseed grown in WesternAustralia, obtained as meal, unsupplemented (LMU), or fully supplemented with required amino acids (360 g/kg diet) (LMFS) was tested. In addition, six fractions were tested: aqueous non-dialysed extract at pH 7.0 (LPAND), dialysed extracts soluble (LPAD) and insoluble at pH 7.0 (LPADI), buffer-soluble extract at pH 7.0 (BUSOL), buffer-insoluble extract after dialysis at pH 7.0 (BUDI) and the residue (LMR) containingmost of the material from meal insoluble in water and phosphate-citrate buffer. All diets based on fractions contained the same amounts of energy and protein and were supplemented with amino acids, vitamins and minerals to target requirements. Body N and Lipid contents of rats fed on LMU and LMFS were reduced significantly in comparison with rats fed on positive lactalbumin (LACT) and non-protein diets (NPC) as negative controls. This was due in part to the lower retention of the absorbed N. As a result, the NPU and the biological value (BV) of sweet lupinseed proteins were less than expected. Urea-N outputs of the LMU- and LMFS-fed rats were also elevated. In contrast, true N and DM digestibilities of rats fed on LMU and LMFS were not significantly affected by the difference in the energy content of the diet. The replacement of lactalbumin in the diet with LPAND (196 g/kg), LPAD (148 g/kg), LPADI (124 g/kg), BUSOL (136 g/kg) or BUDI (119 g/kg) reduced dry body weight, N and lipid contents, NPU and BV compared with those obtained from the LACT control, even though the N and DM digestibilities were not significantly different. Inclusion of the residue fraction (170 g LMR/kg) had no apparent effect on any of the variables studied. Since sweet lupinseed had a small amount of nonreactive lectin and LMR had some undesirable side-effects in these rats, it appears that the low nutritional value of LMFS for rats (NPU 0.62) despite the very high level ofdigestibility of its N, results from disturbances in N metabolism, and particularly from the low retention value of the absorbed N.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/11/20 alle ore 06:42:59