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Titolo:
IMMUNOMODULATION OF AUTOIMMUNITY BY LINOMIDE - INHIBITION OF ANTIGEN PRESENTATION THROUGH DOWN-REGULATION OF MACROPHAGE ACTIVITY IN THE MODEL OF EXPERIMENTAL AUTOIMMUNE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS
Autore:
LEHMANN D; KARUSSIS DM; FLURESCO D; MIZRACHIKOLL R; OVADIA H; SHEZEN E; KALLAND T; ABRAMSKY O;
Indirizzi:
HEBREW UNIV JERUSALEM,HADASSAH MED SCH,HADASSAH UNIV HOSP,DEPT NEUROLIL-91120 JERUSALEM ISRAEL HEBREW UNIV JERUSALEM,HADASSAH MED SCH,HADASSAH UNIV HOSP,DEPT NEUROLIL-91120 JERUSALEM ISRAEL PHARMACIA & UPJOHN INC LUND SWEDEN
Titolo Testata:
Journal of neuroimmunology
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 74, anno: 1997,
pagine: 102 - 110
SICI:
0165-5728(1997)74:1-2<102:IOABL->2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGIC ENCEPHALOMYELITIS; T-CELL; QUINOLINE-3-CARBOXAMIDE LINOMIDE; LS-2616; MICE; METASTASIS; ARTHRITIS; MELANOMA; RATS;
Keywords:
EAE; LINOMIDE; ANTIGEN PRESENTATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D. Lehmann et al., "IMMUNOMODULATION OF AUTOIMMUNITY BY LINOMIDE - INHIBITION OF ANTIGEN PRESENTATION THROUGH DOWN-REGULATION OF MACROPHAGE ACTIVITY IN THE MODEL OF EXPERIMENTAL AUTOIMMUNE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS", Journal of neuroimmunology, 74(1-2), 1997, pp. 102-110

Abstract

Linomide (quinoline-3-carboxamide, LS-2616), a synthetic immunomodulator, protects animals against a variety of experimental autoimmune diseases. In experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS), linomide blocks both the clinical and histological signs of the disease, without inducing generalized immunosuppression. In the first clinical trial in patients with MS, linomide was shown to inhibit the progression of the disease. In the present study we investigated several aspects of the mechanisms of action of this immunomodulator. We found that linomide can inhibit acute EAE even when given as pretreatment, prior to induction of disease (days - 10 to 0). This inhibitory effect was reversed by adoptive transfer of naive spleen cells. A short course (7 days) of linomide treatment also inhibited EAE, especially when administered immediately after disease induction. Spleen cells from linomide-treated mice failed to present myelin antigens to T-cell lines in vitro. The defective antigen presentation was normalized by anti-oxidants such as 2-mercaptoethanol. The proportion of Mac1(+) cells in the spleens of linomide-treated mice was significantly reduced and macrophage growth was inhibited in long term cultures of spleen cells derived from linomide-treated animals. Our findingssuggest that the effect of linomide on EAE may be attributed, at least in part, to inactivation of antigen presenting cells, possibly following a short period of over-stimulation and increased oxidant production. This mechanism may play a universal role in the regulation of autoimmune reactivity and merits further investigation.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 21/09/20 alle ore 16:04:28